Question
Tue March 24, 2015 By: R K Jha

Suggest any two ways for conservation of water and mention any three traditional methods of doing so.

Expert Reply
Sheetal Kolte
Tue March 24, 2015

Ways for conservation of water:

  1. Use of modern irrigation methods such as drip or sprinkler irrigation.
  2. Rational use of groundwater.

Traditional methods of conservation of water:

In traditional methods of rainwater harvesting, water is not only stored, but also used to recharge the groundwater.

Region

Traditional water harvesting structures

Rajasthan

Tanks, Khadins, Nadis

Maharsahtra

Tals, Bandharas

Bihar

Ahars, Pynes

Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

Bundhis

Himachal Pradesh

Kuhls

Kerala

Surangams

Kandi belt of Jammu region

Ponds

Karnataka

Kattas

These traditional water conservation methods had been developed in India considering the nature of rainfall in different regions, but the increasing population necessitated extension of agriculture, leading to deterio­ration of these traditional sources. 

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