CBSE - X - Biology - How Do Organisms Reproduce?
explain different types of placentation in detail
- Basal placentation: The placenta is at the base (bottom) of the ovary and a single ovule is attached to it. Example: Sunflower, marigold.
- Parietal placentation: Here ovary is one-chambered but it becomes two- chambered due to the formation of the false septum. The ovules develop on the inner wall of the ovary or on peripheral part. E.g. - mustard and Argemone.
- Axile placentation: The placenta is axial and the ovules are attached to it in a multilocular ovary. Example: China rose, tomato and orange.
- Free central placentation: The ovules are borne on central axis and septa are absent. Example - Dianthus and Primrose
- Marginal placentation: Here the placenta forms a ridge along the ventral suture of the ovary and the ovules are borne on this ridge forming two rows. It is characteristic of legumes like pea.
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