what is fermentation? how does it serve the industry?

Asked by avijeetraj232 | 15th Jul, 2021, 09:29: AM

Expert Answer:

Fermentation is the breakdown of organic substances by organisms to release energy in the absence of oxygen. For example - The anaerobic breakdown of carbohydrates by yeasts to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide, and the bacterial breakdown of milk sugar to give lactic acid. 
  • Fungi such as yeast help in the commercial production of beer, wine and other alcoholic drinks by fermenting fruit juices, malted grains or molasses.
  • Yeast is often used in the baking industry for making breads, pastries and cakes.
  • Bacteria find application in the making of curd.

Answered by Shiwani Sawant | 15th Jul, 2021, 10:10: AM