William Shakespeare

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His surviving works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems.

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William Shakespeare
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William Shakespeare's Children

William Shakespeare had three children. Susanna was born in May 1583, six months after the wedding of her parents Anne Hathaway and William Shakespeare. Two years later in 1585 Anne and William's twins, Hamnet and Judith Shakespeare, were born. The twins were named after two very close friends of William and Anne, the baker Hamnet Sadler and his wife, Judith. These were the three legitimate children of the Bard.

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William Shakespeare's Children
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William Shakespeare's Birthplace

William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, an alderman and a successful glover originally from Snitterfield, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer. He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon and baptised there on 26 April 1564. His actual birthdate remains unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23 April, St George's Day.

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William Shakespeare's Birthplace
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Lord Chamberlain's Men

Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men. After the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603, the company was awarded a royal patent by the new king, James I, and changed its name to the King's Men.

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Lord Chamberlain's Men
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Globe Theatre

The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare. It was built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, and was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613. A second Globe Theatre was built on the same site by June 1614 and closed in 1642. A modern reconstruction of the Globe, named "Shakespeare's Globe", opened in 1997 approximately 750 feet (230 m) from the site of the original theatre.

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Globe Theatre
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Shakespeare's plays

Before the publication of the First Folio in 1623, twenty-two of the thirty-eight plays in Shakespeare's canon had appeared in quarto format. All but Othello and The Two Noble Kinsmen , were published prior to the date of Shakespeare's retirement from the theatre in about 1611. It is unlikely that Shakespeare was involved directly with the printing of any of his plays. Shakespeare's early classical and Italianate comedies, containing tight double plots and precise comic sequences, led to the romantic atmosphere of his greatest comedies like "A Midsummer Night's Dream".

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Shakespeare's plays
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First Folio

In 1623, John Heminges and Henry Condell, two of Shakespeare's friends from the King's Men, published the First Folio, a collected edition of Shakespeare's plays. It contained 36 texts, including 18 printed for the first time. Many of the plays had already appeared in quarto versionsâ€"flimsy books made from sheets of paper folded twice to make four leaves. No evidence suggests that Shakespeare approved these editions, which the First Folio describes as "stol'n and surreptitious copies".

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First Folio
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William Shakespeare Poems

William Shakespeare is referred to as a Literary Genius and much of this praise is due to the wonderful words of his short sonnet poems. He is the most widely read author in the whole of the Western World - his poems and quotes from poems are familiar to everyone. And yet when we think about Shakespeare we immediately we think of his famous plays and not his less famous poems. During the Bard's lifetime dramatists were not considered 'serious' authors with 'serious' talent - but it was highly fashionable to write poems. Plays were for entertainment poems were for the elite.

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William Shakespeare Poems
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William Shakespeare

After 1606â€"1607, Shakespeare wrote fewer plays, and none are attributed to him after 1613. His last three plays were collaborations, probably with John Fletcher, who succeeded him as the house playwright for the King’s Men. Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616 and was survived by his wife and two daughters. William Shakespeare was the first sculpture of a writer to be placed on the Mall, known informally as Literary Walk.

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William Shakespeare
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William Shakespeare

The life history of William Shakespeare also known as the "Bard of Avon".....

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William Shakespeare
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