The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as the Mahatma (Great Soul) Gandhi was born in the state of Gujarat on 2nd October 1869. 

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

He is called 'The Father of the Nation' due to his selflessness and devotion to serve the people of India in their struggle for freedom and in improving the status of the downtrodden.

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi went to London to train as a barrister. He was too shy to speak and was always uncomfortable in a crowd and suffered from 'stage fright' when speaking in court for his first case. Gandhi went to London to train as a barrister. He was too shy to speak and was always uncomfortable in a crowd and suffered from 'stage fright' when speaking in court for his first case.

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

He was refused admission to hotels, thrown off a train when he refused to move to a third class compartment, after he had paid for a first class ticket. He decided to draw attention to this injustice and became an activist.

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

He started a movement and called it the 'Satyagraha Movement', which means adherence to truth. Over the next seven years, Gandhi led a non-violent campaign of resistance to laws which were unfair to the common people. He along with thousands of Indians was jailed. Eventually, when he left South Africa, conditions for the Indian people had greatly improved.

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

In 1915 India, Gandhi observed that Indian villagers were poorly paid, and many were dying of famine. He set up an 'ashram' - a self-sufficient community, where he spun his own yarn and made his own cloth. He led a simple life and encouraged others to do the same, instead of buying imported British material. 

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

By 1918, Gandhiji further encouraged Indians to stand up for themselves against the British. The campaign was very effective. So much so that the British became worried about losing control. Soldiers were ordered to prevent people from gathering together for meetings.

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

After the shocking Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919, where unarmed people, including women, senior citizens and children were fired, more people joined Gandhi's campaign.

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

In 1930, Gandhiji lead a march to the sea to make salt from sea water, instead of buying the expensive English salt with its extra tax. The English army lathi charged Gandhiji and his followers and threw them into jail. In the end, the British government was forced to negotiate with Gandhi.

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi

In 1942, Gandhi was arrested by the British and imprisoned for two years. By 1947, Gandhi's campaign had weakened the British government's hold on the country. On 15th August 1947, India became an independent nation. On 30th January 1948, Gandhi was shot on his way to a prayer meeting in Delhi. 

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The Father of Our Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
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