Maulana Azad: The Father of Indian Education

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A Scholar and a Leader

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning 'learned man', and he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen name.

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A Scholar and a Leader
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First Education Minister of India

Following India's independence, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government. In 1992 he was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.  

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First Education Minister of India
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National Education Day

His contribution to establishing the education foundation in India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as "National Education Day" across India.

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National Education Day
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Youngest Congress President

In 1923, he became the youngest person to serve as the president for the Indian National Congress.

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Youngest Congress President
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A Gandhian

Azad became the leader of the Khilafat Movement and Gandhi’s support for the same brought them closer. He was a supporter of the Gandhian ideals of non-violent civil disobedience and promoting Swadeshi goods and the cause of Swaraj.  

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A Gandhian
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Led Protests Against India-Pak Division

Amidst communal turmoil following the partition of India, he also worked and called for religious harmony. Azad became the most prominent Muslim figure to protest against the division of India and Pakistan.

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Led Protests Against India-Pak Division
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Establishing IITs and UGC

As India's Education Minister, Azad oversaw the establishment of a national education system with free primary education and modern institutions of higher education. He is also credited with the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology and the foundation of the University Grants Commission.

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Establishing IITs and UGC
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