Great Women of Indian History

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Great Women of Indian History

There are many women in history who bravely worked for India to make us proud of their feats. Here, we highlight some of these great women who are respected not only for their courage but also for their contributions towards the country.

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Great Women of Indian History
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Great Women of Indian History

Ahalya Bai Holkar (1725-1795): She was a great ruler and the Queen of the Kingdom of Malwa. Ahalya was born in a village of Chondi in Maharashtra and went on to become the ruler of Malwa in the 18th century. She was a ruler who cared for her people and was always there for them. During her glorious reign (1767-1795), she wisely spent governmental money building several forts, rest houses, wells and roads, celebrating festivals and donating to Hindu temples.

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Great Women of Indian History
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Great Women of Indian History

Annie Besant: Annie was born to Irish parents in London on 1 October 1847. Mahatma Gandhi had once said that Annie awakened India from her deep slumber. She landed in India in 1893, and involved herself with the country's problems and worked with tireless zeal for India's freedom. She started a newspaper called New India to bring her agendas to light. "So long as I can serve India, I shall continue to do so. I love the Indian people as I love none other," wrote Annie in her newspaper. She named her movement 'Home Rule' and worked towards it. Annie was indeed a great fighter.

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Great Women of Indian History
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Great Women of Indian History

Rani Laxmibai: She was a great freedom fighter and an inspiration to other Indian women. She was the one who redefined the role of women in Indian society. She was born on 19 November 1828. At the age of 16, she got married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao, but the king did not live long. The British authorities decided to take over Jhansi as it did not have any legal heir, and Rani Laxmibai was asked to shift somewhere else. Rani Lakshmibai refused to surrender to the British and formed an army of men and women to fight against the British rulers. She continued fighting until she breathed her last on 18 June 1958.

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Great Women of Indian History
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Great Women of Indian History

Bhikaji Cama (also known as Madam Cama): Bhikaji Cama is considered as the Mother of the Indian Revolution because of her contributions to the Indian freedom struggle. Born on 24 September 1861 in a rich Parsi family at Bombay, Bhikaji Cama received her formal education from Alexandra Native Girl's English Institution. She devoted herself to various social activities and worked tirelessly for the upliftment of weaker sections of society. British rulers had even planned her assassination, but she escaped and moved to France. She fought for India's freedom struggle on foreign land for several years and breathed her last on 13 August 1936.

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Great Women of Indian History
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Great Women of Indian History

Sarojini Naidu: Sarojini Naidu was one of the fearless leaders of the country. "In the battle for liberty, fear is the one unforgivable treachery and despair, the one unforgivable sin," were the brave words by Sarojini Naidu. She was jailed again in 1942 when the Quit India Movement was launched; she was not only a strong political leader but also a great poetess. After independence, she was made the governor of Uttar Pradesh. She passed away suddenly on 2 March 1949 at the age of 70.

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Great Women of Indian History
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Great Women of Indian History

Indira Nehru Gandhi: She was born in a family of freedom fighters. Indira Gandhi was hugely influenced by the life and works of Mahatma Gandhi, a frequent guest at her house. She married Feroz Gandhi and gave birth to two sons, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi. Indira Gandhi actively participated in the Quit India Movement in 1942 for which she was imprisoned. She ruled India for 16 years, and her tenure at the top ensured India never lacked in courage and developmental policies. Indira Gandhi showed her true mettle during the Indo-Pak War in 1971. She was truly an Iron Lady. Indira Gandhi was assassinated on 31 October 1984.

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Great Women of Indian History
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Great Women of Indian History

Mother Teresa was born in Yugoslavia on 27 August 1910. Her original name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. At the age of twelve, she realised that she wanted to help the poor. She decided to train for missionary work and came to India at the age of nineteen to join the Sisters of Loretto, an Irish community of nuns with a mission in Kolkata. Mother Teresa's work has been recognised throughout the world, and she received a number of awards, the most prestigious being the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. In 1971, she received the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize, the Bharat Ratna and many more. The great soul left the world on 5 September 1997.

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Great Women of Indian History
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