Encyclopedia Britannica

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The Encyclopedia Britannica , published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia that is available in print, as a DVD, and on the Internet. Image courtesy-graphics8.nytimes.com

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It is written and continuously updated by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 expert contributors. It is regarded as one of the most scholarly of encyclopaedias. Image courtesy-brisbanegrammar.com

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The Britannica is the oldest English-language encyclopaedia still in production. It was first published between 1768 and 1771 in Edinburgh, Scotland as three volumes. Image courtesy-chicagotribune.com

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The encyclopaedia grew in size, and by its fourth edition (1801"1809) it had expanded to a well known 20-volume set. Image courtesy-resources0.news.com.au

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Its rising stature helped recruit eminent contributors, and the 9th edition (1875"1889) and the 11th edition (1911) are landmark encyclopaedias for scholarship and literary style. Image courtesy-classiceb.com

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Beginning with the 11th edition, the Britannica shortened and simplified articles to broaden its appeal in the North American market. Image courtesy-firstpost.com

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In 1933, the Britannica became the first encyclopaedia to adopt "continuous revision", in which the encyclopaedia is continually reprinted and every article updated on a schedule. Image courtesy-quintessentialruminations.files.wordpress.com

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On 13 March 2012, it was announced that after 244 years, the Encyclopedia Britannica is going out of print, instead focusing on its online encyclopedia. Image courtesy-macobserver.com

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The size of the Britannica has remained roughly constant over 70 years, with about 40 million words on half a million topics. Image courtesy-boingboing.net

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Although publication has been based in the United States since 1901, the Britannica has maintained British spelling. Image courtesy-4.bp.blogspot.com

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The Britannica has had difficulty remaining profitable. Some articles in earlier editions have been criticised for inaccuracy, bias, or unqualified contributors. The accuracy in parts of the present edition has likewise been questioned, although criticisms have been challenged by Britannica's management. Image courtesy-webtorque.org

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