H2SO4 gives 2 H+ ions but why the dissociation constant ka for the first H+ ions is high means why does H+ leave easily in first step can u explain me with the hybridisation and electron dot structure in animation?
In general, the rule is that successive pK values increase (Pauling's first rule). For example, for a diprotic acid, H2A (H2SO4), the two equilibria are
- H2SO4 + H2O ? H3O+ + HSO4? K1 = 2.4 x 106 (strong acid)
- HSO4? + H2O ? H3O+ + SO42? K2 = 1.0 x 10-2
The second proton is removed from a negatively charged species. Since the proton carries a positive charge extra energy is needed to remove it.