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NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 7 History exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire.

All our solutions for Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 7 History will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire Page/Excercise 57

Question 1

Match the following:

Mansab

Marwar

Mongol                

Governor

Sisodia Rajput      

Uzbeg

Rathod Rajput      

Mewar

Nur Jahan            

Rank

Subadar

Jahangir

 

 

Solution 1

 

Mansab

Rank

Mongol                

Uzbeg

Sisodia Rajput      

Mewar

Rathod Rajput      

Marwar

Nur Jahan            

Jahangir

Subadar

Governor

 

 

NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire Page/Excercise 58

Question 2

Fill in the blanks:

(a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar's half-brother, was ___________.

(b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, ___________ and _____________.

(c) If zat determined a mansabdars rank and salary, sawar indicated his ___________.

(d) Abul Fazl, Akbar's friend and counselor, helped him frame the idea of ____________ so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.

Solution 2

(a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar's half-brother, was Kabul.

(b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golconda.

(c) If zat determined a mansabdar's rank and salary, sawar indicated his military responsibility.

(d) Abul Fazl, Akbar's friend and counselor, helped him frame the idea of sulh-i kul so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.

Question 3

What were the central provinces under the control of the Mughals?

Solution 3

 The central provinces under Mughal control were as follows:

 

(i) Delhi

(ii) Agra

(iii) Panipat

(iv) Sindh

(v) Kabul

(vi) Mewar

(vii) Marwar

(viii) Chittor

(ix) Ranthambor

(x) Gujarat

(xi) Bihar

(xii) Bengal

(xiii) Orissa

(xiv) Deccan.

Question 4

What was the relationship between the mansabdar and the jagir?

Solution 4

A jagir was a revenue assignment given as salary to the mansabdars. The mansabdars had to collect revenue from their jagir. However, they were forbidden from residing in it. The revenue was collected for the mansabdars by their servants while the mansabdars themselves served in some other part of the country.

Question 5

What was the role of the zamindar in Mughal administration?

Solution 5

In the Mughal administration, the zamindar was given the responsibility of collection of revenue from the peasantry. The zamindar was in every sense a part of the rural elite, much like the village headman or the chieftains who operated as intermediaries between the ruler and the peasants.

Question 6

How were the debates with religious scholars important in the formation of Akbar's ideas on governance?

Solution 6

The debates with the religious scholars helped Akbar realise that religious figures were often bigots who obsessed over rituals and dogmas rather than seeking religious harmony. They further assisted him in formulating the concept of ‘sulh-i-kul’ or universal peace. This faith did not prescribe discrimination between citizens and enabled Akbar to formulate guidelines based on a system of ethics, justice, honesty and peace.

Question 7

Why did the Mughals emphasise their Timurid and not their Mongol descent?

Solution 7

 The Mughals stressed on their Timrid rather than their Mongol descent because the memory of Mongol lord Genghiz Khan was associated with the massacre of a vast number of people. It was also linked with the Uzbegs, their Mongol competitors. On the flip side, the Mughals took pride in the fact that Timur, their great ancestor, had captured the city of Delhi in 1398.

NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire Page/Excercise 59

Question 8

How important was the income from land revenue to the stability of the Mughal Empire?

Solution 8

The income from land revenue which was, in effect, taxes on the produce paid by the peasantry, was the main source of income for the Mughal rulers and hence it was very important.

Question 9

Why was it important for the Mughals to recruit mansabdars from diverse backgrounds and not just Turanis and Iranis?

Solution 9

The Mughal  emperor felt compelled to appoint mansabdars from diverse backgrounds and not just from among the Turanis and Iranis. This was because the Mughal Empire had expanded greatly to include within its fold different provinces and regions and the Emperor could not risk the possibility of a rebellion lest the officials from the same background formed a clique.



TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of History. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE VII - History

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