NCERT Solution for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 - Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication
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NCERT Solution for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 - Human Environment - Settlement, Transport and Communication Page/Excercise 54
Answer the following questions.
(i) What are the four means of transport?
(ii) What do you understand by the term 'settlement'?
(iii) Which are the activities practised by the rural people?
(iv) Mention any two merits of railways.
(v) What do you understand by communication?
(vi) What is mass media?
(i) The four main means of transport are roadways, railways, waterways and airways.
(ii) The term ‘settlement’ implies a place where humans construct their homes permanently or temporarily.
(iii) People in the rural hinterland engage in agriculture, forestry, fishing, trading, craftwork, etc.
(iv) Two important merits of the railways are as follows:
- Railways can transport people and goods faster and cheaper and that too over long distances.
- Railway networks are extensively developed in the plains and they also connect mountainous regions.
(v) Communication is the process of conveying and receiving messages between two or more participants.
(vi) Mass media is the collection of the modes of communication through which one can communicate with a large number of people. Radio, television, newspapers are examples of the phenomenon of mass media.
Tick the correct answer.
(i) Which is not a means of communication?
(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?
(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?
(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment?
(i) – (c) Table
(ii) – (c) Subway
(iii) – (a) Ship
(iv) – (a) Cycle
Match the following:
(i) Internet (a) Areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade, services
(ii)Canal route (b) Closely built area of houses
(iii) Urban areas (c) Inland waterway
(iv) Compact settlement (d) A means of communication
(i) - (d) A means of communication
(ii) - (c) Inland waterway
(iii) - (a) Areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade, services
(iv) - (b) Closely built area of houses
(i) Today's world is shrinking.
The ever increasing network of roads, railways, airways and waterways, coupled with the progress in transportation and communication, has made world a small place. Distantness and remoteness are fast becoming the words of a bygone era. In today’s world, the distances and the time required to travel the same has shrunk manifold. Communication technologies like cellular phones, email, web cameras, SMS and watsapp have made trans-continental communication possible for individuals. Internet has become a major means of communication as well as dissemination of information. This interconnectivity of people, services and institutions spread across the world has brought the world closer, effectively turning it into a ‘global village’. Hence, one can say that ‘today’s world is shrinking’.
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