NCERT Solution for Class 6 History Chapter 8 - Ashoka: The Emperor Who Gave Up War
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NCERT Solution for Class 6 History Chapter 8 - Ashoka: The Emperor Who Gave Up War Page/Excercise 82
Make a list of the occupations of the people who lived within the Mauryan empire.
The list of occupations followed by the people living in the Mauryan empire:
- Trade or Commerce
- Hunting animals
- Jobs with the Emperor
- Government jobs
Complete the following sentences:
(a) Officials collected __________from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
(b) Royal princes often went to the provinces as __________.
(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control ____________and ___________which were important for transport.
(d) People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with _____________.
(a) Officials collected taxes from the area under the direct control of the ruler.
(b) Royal princes often went to the provinces as governors.
(c) The Mauryan rulers tried to control roads and rivers which were important for transport.
(d) People in forested regions provided the Mauryan officials with forest produce (honey/wax/timber) and elephants.
NCERT Solution for Class 6 History Chapter 8 - Ashoka: The Emperor Who Gave Up War Page/Excercise 83
State whether true or false:
(a) Ujjain was the gateway to the north - west.
(b) Chandragupta's ideas were written down in the Arthashastra.
(c) Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal.
(d) Most Ashokan inscriptions are in the Brahmi script.
What were the problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma?
Ashoka faced number of problems. Therefore, he tried to get rid of the following problems through dhamma:
- No religious conflicts but communal harmony within the state.
- No violence or killing of animals.
- No ill-treatment of slaves or servants. In fact he believed in kindness towards them.
- No quarrels among the family members or with neighbours. However, he believed in taking initiatives to maintain peace among each other.
What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma?
Ashoka used various means to spread the messages of Dhamma. These were:
- He himself strictly followed Ahimsa, setting an example for others.
- He appointed some officials known as the dhamma mahamatta who roamed from place to place to teach people about dhamma.
- He engraved his messages and principles on rocks and pillars in different parts of his empire. He also instructed his officials to read it to those who could not read.
- He sent various messengers to spread his ideas of dhamma to other lands like Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.
Why do you think slaves and servants were ill-treated? Do you think the orders of the emperor would have improved their condition? Give reasons for your answer.
Yes, the slaves and servants were ill-treated as they were mostly considered as prisoners and were assigned menial jobs. Also they were given no political rights neither were they allowed to participate in any kind of rituals or get education.
Yes, there is a possibility that the orders of emperor could have improved their condition in the given manner:
- They could have been freed from their slavery.
- They could have been treated in a better manner.
- They could get proper wages for their work.
- The people mistreating the slaves or servants could be punished by the emperor.
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