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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 - Power Sharing

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Civics board exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 1 - Power Sharing.

All our solutions for Chapter 1 - Power Sharing are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 - Power Sharing Page/Excercise 10

Question 1

What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example for each of these.

Solution 1

As there are diverse groups in democratic countries, the principle of power sharing assumes utmost significance. Following are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies:

  1. Power sharing in different forms of government: As there are three main branches of government in democratic countries, power is shared among the legislature, executive and judiciary. As a result of power sharing, none of the organs become too powerful as one branch of the government keeps a check on the other. For example, in India, once appointed, the judges cannot be removed from their office until and unless a motion to this effect is passed by two-third members of both the houses of the Parliament in India.
  2. Power sharing among various levels of governments: In various countries like India and USA, the power is shared between the state government and central government. The central government looks after the development of nation as a whole, while the state governments shoulder the responsibility of developing their own states. For example, while the central government looks after the finances of the entire country, the state government takes care of the finances of their own states.
  3. Power sharing among different social groups: In some countries, power is shared among different social or religious groups. For example, in India, reservations are made for the socially weaker sections of society in legislatures and bureaucracy.
  4. Power sharing among various pressure groups and political parties: In democratic countries, one political party remains in power for a fixed period of time. Sometimes, in a coalition government, different political parties share power and ensure the interests of every section of the society. Various pressure groups including trade unions and farmers may also share power by influencing decisions made by the government through movements or protests. For example, farmers are consulted before making new land and labour laws.

Question 2

State one prudential reason and a moral reason for power sharing in India with an example.

Solution 2

Prudent reason: One prudent or practical example of power sharing is the division of power into the three branches of the government. The legislature makes law, the executive implements the laws and the judiciary enforces the laws. This method of power sharing ensures that no branch of government becomes too powerful.

Moral Reason: Power sharing helps in maintaining the spirit of democratic structure of the country. When labourers are consulted before framing any labour laws, it adds to the democratic spirit of the country.

Question 3

After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Thomman - Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.

Mathayi - Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.

Ouseph - Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.

Solution 3

I agree with the view expressed by Ouseph.

Power sharing is the heart and soul of democracy. Any country whether big or small has diverse social, ethnic and religious groups. It is important to follow the principal of power sharing as this will minimise any kind of political, ethnic and social conflicts. This will also put a check on the power and authority of majority group and communities. This will lead to the establishment of peace and intellectual awakening of the society.

Question 4

The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town's schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium's power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Solution 4

The measure taken by the Mayor of Merchtem in banning speaking of French language in the town's school is not in keeping with the spirit of Belgium's power sharing arrangements. It is because Brussels has a separate government where the French and Dutch speaking communities have equal representation and stake in the Central government. The banning of speaking in French will disturb the principle of power sharing and may lead to clashes between both the groups.

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 - Power Sharing Page/Excercise 11

Question 5

Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.

"We need to give more power to the panchayats to realize the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy - in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy."

Solution 5

In the passage, sharing of power at the local level is a prudential reason. The sharing of power at the local level in the form of the Panchayati Raj depicts the true sense of the democratic spirit of the country. It is only when people themselves participate in maintaining the administration of the country, corruption will be eradicated to a large extent.

Question 6

Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power sharing. Identify those in favour of power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power sharing:

  1. Reduces conflict among different communities
  2. Decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
  3. Delays decision making process
  4. Accommodates diversities
  5. Increases instability and divisivenes
  6. Promotes people's participation in government
  7. Undermines the unity of a country

(a)

A

B

D

(b)

A

C

E

(c)

A

B

D

(d)

B

C

D

Solution 6

(a) ABDF

Question 7

Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka:

  1. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.
  2. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.
  3. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.
  4. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.

Which of the above given statements are correct?

(a) A, B, C and D (b) A, B and D (c) C and D (d) B, C and D

Solution 7

(d) B, C and D

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 - Power Sharing Page/Excercise 12

Question 8

Match List I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:

 

List I

List II

1

Power shared among different organs of the government

A. Community government

2

Power shared among governments at different levels

B. Separation of powers

3

Power shared by different social groups

C. Coalition government

4

Power shared by two or more political parties

D. Federal government

 

 

1

2

3

4

(a)

D

A

B

C

(b)

B

C

D

A

(c)

B

D

A

C

(d)

C

D

A

B

Solution 8

(c) BDAC

Question 9

Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:

Power sharing is good for democracy.

It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.


Which of these statements are true and false?

A is true but B is false

Both A and B are true

Both A and B are false

A is false but B is true

Solution 9

B. Both A and B are true

 

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 1 - Power Sharing here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE X - Civics

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