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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 - Popular Struggles and Movements

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Civics board exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 5 - Popular Struggles and Movements.

All our solutions for Chapter 5 - Popular Struggles and Movements are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 - Popular Struggles and Movements Page/Excercise 69

Question 1

In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?

Solution 1

Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in the following ways: 

  1. They gain the support and confidence of the public by undertaking actions such as filing petitions, starting information campaigns and organising meetings. The attention given by the media to these demonstrations also helps them to influence the larger public. 
  2. The pressure groups and movements hold strikes and by disrupting the government's programmes, they force the government to look into their demands. 
  3. Many wealthy business groups influence the politics through lobbying.

Question 2

Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?

Solution 2

There have been various forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties. These are: 

  1. Many a times, pressure groups are formed or led by the political leaders. For example, most student associations are affiliated to political parties. 
  2. There have been instances where political parties were born as a result of these movements. For example, the DMK party in Tamil Nadu was formed in 1949 as a result of social movement. 
  3. The negotiations and dialogues also take place between the political parties and pressure groups regarding various social and political issues.

Question 3

Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.

Solution 3

The pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government as they strengthen democracy in the following ways: 

  1. The government may come under the influence of the rich and powerful section of the society. Under such circumstances, the pressure groups may step in and can influence the government to frame policies for the interest of the larger section of the society. 
  2. They highlight the concerns and anxieties of the weaker sections of the society and ensure they are noted by the government. 
  3. When the government comes under the influence of any sectarian group, the other group may counteract it. This will make the government listen to all sections of the society and make laws that are best for the community and country.

Question 4

What is a pressure group? Give some examples.

Solution 4

Pressure groups are organisations that aim to influence the policies and programmes of the government through campaigns, protests and demonstrations. Pressure groups are formed when people having the same interests and opinions and share the same platform to achieve a common goal. BAMCEF (Backward and Minority Communities Employees Federation) and FEDECOR, which protests against the privatisation of water in Bolivia, are some examples of pressure groups.

Question 5

What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?

Solution 5

 

Pressure Group

Political party

People belonging to pressure groups have same interests and opinions. They come together on a common platform to achieve a common goal.

Members of political parties may not share the same interests and opinions. The opinion of the members of the same party may largely differ.

The aim of the pressure group is not to capture power or form the government.

The aim of a political party is to contest elections and to form the government.

Question 6

Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers and lawyers are called _____________ groups.

Solution 6

Sectional interest

Question 7

Which of the following is a special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?

(a) Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do not bother about political issues.

(b) Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve a larger number of people. 

(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.

(d) Pressure groups do not seek to mobilise people, while parties do.

Solution 7

(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.

Question 8

Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

 

List 1

List 2

1

Organisations that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or group

A. Movement

2

Organisations that seek to promote common interest

B. Political Parties

3

Struggles launched for the resolution of a social problem with or without an organisational structure.

C. Sectional Interest Groups

4

Organisations that mobilise people with a view to win political power

D. Public Interest Groups

 

 

1

2

3

4

(a)

B

C

A

D

(b)

B

A

D

C

(c)

D

C

A

B

(d)

C

A

B

D

Solution 8

(b) BADC

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 - Popular Struggles and Movements Page/Excercise 70

Question 9

Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I

List II

Pressure groups

  1. Narmada Bachao Andolan

Long-term movement

  1. Asom Gana Parishad

Single issue movement

  1. Women's movement

Political party

  1. Fertilizer dealers' association

 

 

1

2

3

4

(a)

D

C

A

B

(b)

B

A

D

C

(c)

C

D

B

A

(d)

B

D

C

A

 

Solution 9

(a) DCAB

Question 10

Consider the following statements about pressure groups and parties.

Α. Pressure groups are the organised expression of the interests and views of specific social sections.

Β. Pressure groups take positions on political issues

C. All pressure groups are political parties.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A, B and C

(b) A and B

(c) B and C

(d) A and C

Solution 10

(b) A and B

Question 11

Mewat is one of the most backward areas in Haryana. It used to be a part of two districts, Gurgaon and Faridabad. The people of Mewat felt that the area will get better attention if it were to become a separate district. But political parties were indifferent to this sentiment. The demand for a separate district was raised by Mewat Educational and Social Organisation and Mewat Saksharta Samiti in 1996. Later, Mewat Vikas Sabha was founded in 2000 and carried out a series of public awareness campaigns. This forced both the major parties, Congress and the Indian National Lok Dal, to announce their support for the new district before the assembly elections held in February 2005. The new district came into existence in July 2005. 

In this example what is the relationship that you observe among movement, political parties and the government? Can you think of an example that shows a relationship different from this one?

Solution 11

Mewat is an example which shows how the demand of people took the shape of a movement. People of Mewat wanted it to become a separate district. Initially, their demand was not heeded by any political party. It was after two organisations- Mewat Educational and Social Organisation and Mewat Saksharta Samiti raised the issue, which were later supported by Mewat Vikas Sabha, that the movement gained momentum. Many public campaigns drawing the attention of the people towards their demands were started out by these organisations. Due to the success of the movement, both the parties- Indian National Congress and the National Lok Dal supported the movement. As a result, Mewat became a separate district.

This shows that a movement supported by masses and various organisations can force the political parties and government to support their issues.

Another long drawn movement was the demand for the separate state- the formation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh. The Telangana movement was supported by many organisations and political parties. Ultimately the bill presented in the Parliament and has been passed to this effect by the government. Telangana, now is the 29th state of India.

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 5 - Popular Struggles and Movements here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE X - Civics

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