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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 - Political Parties

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Civics board exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 6 - Political Parties.

All our solutions for Chapter 6 - Political Parties are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 - Political Parties Page/Excercise 87

Question 1

State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.

Solution 1

Following functions are performed by the political parties in a democracy:

  1. In democracies, political parties contest elections for the formation of the government.
  2. Various policies and programmes are prepared by the parties based on which the voter decides to vote.
  3. When the political party form the government, it makes laws for the country.
  4. Political parties which are in opposition put a check on the functioning of the government by criticizing them for any wrong policies or politics.
  5. Parties by supporting various pressure groups and movements shape the opinion of the public.
  6. Parties help people access the government machinery and help them utilize the benefits of the welfare schemes.

Question 2

What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

Solution 2

Following are the challenges faced by political parties:

  1. Lack of internal democracy: In political parties, there is a concentration of power in few hands. In such cases, some members become too powerful and take all decisions, while no importance is given to other members of the parties.
  2. Dynastic Succession: Generally, very easy entry is given to the families of the members of the political parties. Under such circumstances, inexperienced members become the members of the party while the deserving are left out.
  3. Money and muscle power: Since the main aim of political parties is to capture power and form the government, parties focus only on winning the elections. Many business houses influence the decisions of the party and government by providing funds to the parties.
  4. Decline of meaningful choices: Due to the decline of ideological differences, voters do no have many options during elections.

Question 3

Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?

Solution 3

Following are the reforms that may strengthen political parties:

  1. A strong law should be formulated to prohibit members of political parties from changing their parties for their own selfish gains.
  2. A law should be framed to regulate internal affairs of a party.
  3. At least one-third of the seats should be reserved for women.
  4. The influence of business houses on deciding the policies of the parties should be restricted.
  5. Strict laws should be passed to prevent criminals from contesting elections.

Question 4

What is a political party?

Solution 4

A political party is a group of people who agree on some common policies and programmes for the welfare of people in the society. Such people come together and contest elections to achieve their common goals.

Question 5

What are the characteristics of a political party?

Solution 5

Characteristics of the political parties are as listed below:

  1. Political parties agree on some agendas and policies to achieve the collective good of the society.
  2. Political parties try to convince the people to vote for them.
  3. Parties reflect the fundamental divisions that exist in the society.
  4. Partisanship (strong commitment to the party and its ideologies) is another important characteristic of a party.

Question 6

A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a ______________________.

Solution 6

Political party

Question 7

Match List I (organisations and struggles) with II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:


List I

List II


Congress Party

  1. National Democratic Alliance


Bhartiya Janta Party

  1. State Party


Communist Party of India

  1. United Progressive Alliance


Telugu Desam Party

  1. Left Front



























Solution 7

(c) CADB

Question 8

Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?

Α. Kanshi Ram

Β. Sahu Maharaj

C. Β.R. Ambedker

D. Jotiba Phule

Solution 8

A. Kanshi Ram

Question 9

What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?

Α. Bahujan Samaj

Β. Revolutionary democracy

C. Integral humanism

D. Modernity

Solution 9

D. Modernity

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 - Political Parties Page/Excercise 88

Question 10

Consider the following statements on parties:

Α. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among people.

Β. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.

C. Parties are not necessary to run governments.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A, B and C

(b) A and B

(c) B and C

(d) A and C

Solution 10

(b) A and B

Question 11

Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

Muhammad Yunus is a famous economist from Bangladesh. He received several international honours for his efforts to promote economic and social development for the benefit of the poor. He and the Grameen Bank, which he started, jointly received the Noble Peace Prize in 2006. In February 2007, he decided to launch a political party and contest in the parliamentary elections. His objective was to foster proper leadership, good governance and build a new Bangladesh. He felt that only a political party different from the traditional ones would bring about a new political culture. His party would be democratic from the grassroots level.The launching of the new party, called Nagarik Shakti (Citizens' Power), has caused a stir among the Bangladeshis. While many welcomed his decisions, some did not like it. "Now I think Bangladesh will have a chance to choose between good and bad and eventually have a good government," said Shahedul Islam, a government official. "That government, we hope, would not only keep itself away from corruption but also make fighting corruption and black money a top priority."However, leaders of traditional political parties who dominated the country's politics for decades were apprehensive. "There was no debate (over him) winning the Novel, but politics is different - very challenging and often controversial," said a senior leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Some others were highly critical. They asked why he was rushing into politics. "Is he being planted in politics by mentors from outside the country," asked one political observer.

Do you think Yunus made the right decision to float a new political party?

Do you agree with the statements and fears expressed by various people? How do you want this new party organised to make it different from other parties? If you were the one to begin this political party how would you defend it?

Solution 11

Yes, I agree that Muhammad Yunus made the right decision. Being a Noble Peace Prize winner and leading economist of Bangladesh, he was not satisfied with the present economic development of the country. He wanted the rapid development of the economy of Bangladesh, and hence, he decided to form his own political party.

While many people appreciated his decision some people did not like it. I agree with the statement made by Shahedul Islam, a governmental official who said "Now I think Bangladesh will have a chance to choose between good and bad and eventually have a good government," and "That government, we hope, would not only keep itself away from corruption but also make fighting corruption and black money a top priority."

Many people did not like his decision as they were afraid that his party may come into power as it might be supported by the masses due to the policies of his party.

I think that this party would be different from the other parties as Muhammad Yunus would contribute towards the development of the nation by improving its economy, creating jobs and introducing reforms in the agricultural sector.

If I would have started a party, I would defend it be saying that in a democracy every person or a group has the right to form the government. I will present an argument that the people of Bangladesh need to choose between traditional parties which have no new policies and unconventional parties who want to improve the economy of the nation.

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 6 - Political Parties here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE X - Civics

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