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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 - Federalism

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Civics board exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 2 - Federalism.

All our solutions for Chapter 2 - Federalism are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 - Federalism Page/Excercise 27

Question 1

Locate the following states on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa.

Solution 1

Question 2

Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

Solution 2

Question 3

Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Solution 3

One feature of federalism in India that is similar to Belgium is that in both countries, the state governments enjoy autonomy from the central government in various fields.

The feature which is different from Belgium is that Belgium has a community government in addition to the Central and the state governments.

Question 4

What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.

Solution 4

The main difference between the unitary and the federal form of government is that in federal form of government, the power is divided between the state and the central governments. For example, in India, the Central government looks after national matters, while the state governments look after the state administration.

In the unitary form of government, all powers are vested in the central government. For example, in Sri Lanka and Britain, all the powers are vested in the hands of the central government only.

Question 5

State any two differences between the local government before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992.

Solution 5

Following are the differences between the local governments before and after the constitutional amendment of 1992.

Local government before 1992

Local government after the 1992

Elections to the local bodies were not held regularly.

Elections to the local bodies are not held regularly after a fixed period of time.

Seats were not reserved for women in the local bodies.

One-third of the total seats are reserved for women in the local bodies.

Question 6

Fill in the blanks:

Since United States of America is a ____________________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are _______________ vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a _________________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ___________________ government has more powers.

Solution 6

Coming together, strong, holding together, central

Question 7

Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.

Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.

Arman: Language-based states have divided us by making everyone conscious of their language.

Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.

Solution 7

I would like to support Sangeeta's view that the policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity. India is a multicultural, multilingual and multireligious plural society where people belonging to various religions, castes, creed and linguistic groups live amicably with each other. In case of the framework of lingual policy, the Indian government has given equal status to all the languages in the country. Though Hindi has been declared as the national language of India, many safeguards are provided to the regional languages in the country. States too have adopted their own official language. Therefore, we can say that this policy of accommodation has strengthened our national unity and has avoided conflicts among the people and states.

Question 8

The distinguishing feature of a federal government is as shown below:

(a) National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.

(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.

(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.

(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Solution 8

(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Question 9

A few subjects in various lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.

A. Defence Β. Police C. Agriculture

D. Education E. Banking F. Forests

G. Communications H. Trade I. Marriages

Solution 9

Union List

Defence, banking and communications.

State List

Police, agriculture and trade.

Concurrent List

Education, forests and marriages.

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 - Federalism Page/Excercise 28

Question 10

Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each other. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

  1. State government

State List

  1. Central government

Union List

  1. Central and state governments

Concurrent List

  1. Local governments

Residuary powers

Solution 10

(d) Local governments--Residuary powers

Question 11

Match List I with II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I

List II

  1. Union of India
  1. Prime minister
  1. State
  1. Sarpanch
  1. Municipal Corporation
  1. Governor
  1. Gram Panchayat
  1. Mayor



























Solution 11

(c) ACDB

Question 12

Consider the following statements:

A. In a federation, the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.

B. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.

C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.

D. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the states have been devolved to the local government bodies.

 Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A, B and C

(b) A, C and D

(c) A and B only

(d) B and C only

Solution 12

(c) A and B only

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 2 - Federalism here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

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