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# Class 9 NCERT Solutions Maths Chapter 14 - Statistics

How is data collected? What are the ways to present data? Discover the answers for these important questions in our NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 Mathematics Chapter 14 Statistics. Practise the presentation of data in the form of histograms and bar graphs with our model answers for questions in the NCERT book.

At TopperLearning, you can access our online NCERT textbook solutions for CBSE Class 9 Maths to revise mean, mode and median calculations. The chapter solutions also show you the right way to construct a frequency distribution table according to the given information. You can learn statistics at our learning portal through video lessons, online practice tests and other Maths resources as well.

## Statistics Exercise Ex. 14.1

### Solution 1

In our day to day life we may collect data in various ways; a few of them have been mentioned here.

1.    Number of females per 1000 males in various states of our country.
2.    Height and Weights of students of our class.
3.    Temperature of past 10 days in our city.
4.    Number of plants in our locality.
5.    Rain fall in our city.
6.    Marks obtained by students of the class in a test.
7.    Date of birth of students.
8.    Subjects taught in various schools in class X.

### Solution 2

We know that the information which is collected by the investigator himself with a definite objective in his mind is primary data, whereas when the information is gathered from a source which already had the information stored, is called as secondary data. Now we may observe that the data in 1, 3, and 5 is secondary data and all others are primary data.

## Statistics Exercise Ex. 14.2

### Solution 1

Here, 9 students  have blood groups  A, 6 as B, 3 as AB and 12 as O.
So, the table representing the data is as follows:
 Blood group Number of students A 9 B 6 AB 3 O 12 Total 30

As 12 students have the blood group O and 3 have their blood group as AB, clearly that the most common blood group and the rarest blood group among these students is O and AB respectively.

### Solution 3

(i)    To construct a grouped frequency distribution table of class size 2.
Class intervals will be as follows 84 - 86, 86 - 88, and 88 - 90... ...

 Relative humidity (in %) Number of days (frequency ) 84 - 86 1 86 - 88 1 88 - 90 2 90 - 92 2 92 - 94 7 94 - 96 6 96 - 98 7 98 - 100 4 Total 30

(ii)    Since relative humidity is high so the data must be of a month of rainy season.

(iii)    Range of data = maximum value - minimum value
= 99.2 - 84.9
= 14.3

### Solution 2

Given that we have to construct a grouped frequency distribution table of class size 5. So, the  class intervals will be as 0 - 5, 5 - 10, 10 - 15, 15 - 20......
Required grouped frequency distribution table as following -

 Distance (in km) Tally marks Number of engineers 0 - 5 5 5 - 10   11 10 -15   11 15 - 20     9 20 - 25 1 25 - 30 1 30 - 35  2 Total 40

Now  there are only 4 engineers whose homes are at more than or equal to 20 km distance, from their work place.
Most of the engineers are having their workplace up to 15 km distance, from their homes.

### Solution 4

(i)    We have to construct a grouped frequency distribution table taking class intervals as 160 - 165, 165 - 170, etc. Now by observing the data given as above we may construct the required table as below -

 Heights  (in cm) Number of students (frequency ) 150 - 155 12 155 - 160 9 160 - 165 14 165 - 170 10 170 - 175 5 Total 50

(ii)    From the table we can see that  50% of students are shorter than 165 cm.

### Solution 5

To construct grouped frequency table class intervals to be taken as 0.00 - 0.04, 0.04 - 0.08,

 Concentration of SO2  (in ppm) Number of days (frequency ) 0.00 - 0.04 4 0.04 - 0.08 9 0.08 - 0.12 9 0.12 - 0.16 2 0.16 - 0.20 4 0.20 - 0.24 2 Total 30

Number of days for which concentration SO2 is more than 0.11 is number of days for which concentration is in between 0.12 - 0.16, 0.16 - 0.20, 0.20 - 0.24.
So, required number of days = 2 + 4 + 2 = 8

### Solution 6

By observing the data given above following frequency distribution table can be constructed

 Number of heads Number of times (frequency) 0 6 1 10 2 9 3 5 Total 30

### Solution 7

(i)    By observation of digits after decimal point the following table is constructed

 Digit Frequency 0 2 1 5 2 5 3 8 4 4 5 5 6 4 7 4 8 5 9 8 Total 50

(ii)    From the above table the least frequency is 2 of digit 0, and the maximum frequency is 8 of digit 3 and 9. So, the most frequently occurring digits are 3 and 9 and the least occurring digit is 0.

### Solution 8

(i) Class intervals will be 0 - 5, 5 - 10, 10 -15.....
The grouped frequency distribution table is as follows:

 Hours Number of children 0 - 5 10 5 - 10 13 10 - 15 5 15 - 20 2 Total 30

(ii) The number of children, who watched TV for 15 or more hours a week
is 2 (i.e. number of children in class interval 15 - 20).

### Solution 9

To construct a grouped frequency table of class size 0.5 and starting from class interval 2 - 2.5.  So, our class intervals will be as 2 - 2.5, 2.5 - 3, 3 - 3.5.......  Required grouped frequency distribution table is  as below -

 Lives of batteries (in hours) Number of batteries 2 - 2.5 2 2.5 - 3.0 6 3.0 - 3.5 14 3.5 - 4.0 11 4.0 - 4.5 4 4.5 - 5.0 3 Total 40

## Statistics Exercise Ex. 14.3

### Solution 8

Here data is having class intervals of varying width. We may find proportion of children per 1 year interval as following -

 Age (in years) Frequency (Number of children) Width of class Length of rectangle 1 - 2 5 1 2 - 3 3 1 3 - 5 6 2 5 - 7 12 2 7 - 10 9 3 10 - 15 10 5 15 - 17 4 2 Now taking age of children on x axis and proportion of children per 1 year interval on y axis we may draw histogram as below - ﻿

### Solution 7

We observe that given data is not having its class intervals continuous. There is a gap of 1 in between of them. So we have to add = 0.5  to upper class limits and subtract 0.5 from
lower class limits.
Also class mark of each interval can be found by using formula -

Class mark Now continuous data with class mark of each class interval can be represented as following -

 Number of balls Class mark Team A Team B 0.5 - 6.5 3.5 2 5 6.5 - 12.5 9.5 1 6 12.5 - 18.5 15.5 8 2 18.5 - 24.5 21.5 9 10 24.5 - 30.5 27.5 4 5 30.5 - 36.5 33.5 5 6 36.5 - 42.5 39.5 6 3 42.5 - 48.5 45.5 10 4 48.5 - 54.5 51.5 6 8 54.5 - 60.5 57.5 2 10

Now by taking class marks on x axis and runs scored on y axis we can construct frequency polygon as following - ### Solution 9

(i).    Given data is having class intervals of varying width. We need to compute the adjusted frequency

 Number of letters Frequency (Number of surnames) Width of class Length of rectangle 1 - 4 6 3 4 - 6 30 2 6 - 8 44 2 8 -12 16 4 12 - 20 4 8 Now by taking number of letters on x axis and proportion of number of surnames per 2 letters interval on y axis and choosing an appropriate scale (1 unit = 4 students for y axis) we will construct the histogram as below (ii).    The class interval in which the maximum number of surname lie is
6 - 8 as there are  44 number of surnames in it i.e. maximum for this data.

### Solution 1

(i) By representing causes on x axis and family fatality rate on y axis and choosing an appropriate scale (1 unit = 5% for y axis) we can draw the graph of information given above, as following All the rectangle bars are of same width and having equal spacing between them.

(ii) Reproductive health condition is the major cause of women's ill health and death worldwide as 31.8% of women are affected by it.

### Solution 2

(i).    By representing section (variable) on x axis and number of girls per thousand boys on y axis we can draw the graph of information given as above and choosing an appropriate scale (1 unit = 100 girls for y axis) Here all the rectangle bars are of same width and have equal spacing in between them.

### Solution 3

(i).    By taking polling results on x axis and seats won as y axis and choosing an appropriate scale (1 unit = 10 seats for y axis) we can draw the required graph of above information as below - Here rectangle bars are of same width  and have equal spacing in between them.

(ii).    We may find that political party 'A' won maximum number of seats.

### Solution 4

(i).    Length of leaves are represented in a discontinuous class intervals having a difference of 1 in between them. So we have to add   to each upper class limit and also have to subtract 0.5 from the lower class limits so as to make our class intervals continuous.

 Length (in mm) Number of leaves 117.5 - 126.5 3 126.5 - 135.5 5 135.5 - 144.5 9 144.5 - 153.5 12 153.5 - 162.5 5 162.5 - 171.5 4 171.5 - 180.5 2

Now taking length of leaves on x axis and number of leaves on y axis we can draw the histogram of this information as below - Here 1 unit on y axis represents 2 leaves.

(ii).    Other suitable graphical representation of this data could be frequency polygon.

(iii).    No as maximum number of leaves (i.e. 12) have their length in between of 144.5 mm and 153.5 mm. It is not necessary that all have their lengths as 153 mm.

### Solution 5

(i).    By taking life time (in hours) of neon lamps on x axis and number of lamps on y axis we can draw the histogram of the given information as below - Here 1 unit on y axis represents 10 lamps.

(ii).    Number of neon lamps having their lifetime more than 700 are sum of number of neon lamps having their lifetime as   700 - 800, 800 - 900, and 900 - 1000.
So number of neon lamps having their lifetime more than 700 hours is 184. (74 + 62 + 48 = 184)

### Solution 6

We can find class marks of given class intervals by using formula -

Class mark Section A Section B Marks Class marks Frequency Marks Class marks Frequency 0 - 10 5 3 0 - 10 5 5 10 - 20 15 9 10 - 20 15 19 20 - 30 25 17 20 - 30 25 15 30 - 40 35 12 30 - 40 35 10 40 - 50 45 9 40 - 50 45 1

Now taking class marks on x axis and frequency on y axis and choosing an appropriate scale (1 unit = 3 for y axis) we can draw frequency polygon as below - From the graph we can see performance of students of section 'A' is better than the students of section 'B' as for good marks.

## Statistics Exercise Ex. 14.4

### Solution 1

The number of goals scored by team is
2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 1, 3, 3, 4, 3 Arranging the number of goals in ascending order
0, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5
As the number of observations is 10. 10 is an even number. So, median score will be Mode of data is the observation with the maximum frequency in data.
So, mode score of data is 3 as it is having maximum frequency as 4 in the data.

### Solution 2

The marks of 15 students in mathematics test are
41, 39, 48, 52, 46, 62, 54, 40, 96, 52, 98, 40, 42, 52, 60 Arranging the scores obtained by 15 students in an ascending order
39, 40, 40, 41, 42, 46, 48, 52, 52, 52, 54, 60, 62, 96, 98
As the number of observations is 15 that is odd so, median of data will be = 8th observation while data is arranged in an ascending or descending order
So, median score of data = 52
Mode of data is the observation with the maximum frequency in data. So mode of this data is 52 having the highest frequency in data as 3.

### Solution 3

Total number of observation in the given data is 10 (even number). So median of this data will be mean of i.e. 5th and i.e. 6th observations ### Solution 4

Arranging the data in an ascending order
14, 14, 14, 14, 17, 18, 18, 18, 22, 23, 25, 28
Here observation 14 is having the highest frequency i.e. 4 in given data. So, mode of given data is 14.

### Solution 5

As Valaues of and can be computed

 Salary (in Rs) (xi) Number of workers (fi) fixi 3000 16 3000 * 16 = 48000 4000 12 4000 * 12 = 48000 5000 10 5000 * 10 = 50000 6000 8 6000 *  8 = 48000 7000 6 7000 *  6 = 42000 8000 4 8000 *  4 = 32000 9000 3 9000 *  3 = 27000 10000 1 10000 * 1 = 10000 Total   So, mean salary of 60 workers is Rs 5083.33.

### Solution 6

(i) Mean is appropriate measure of central tendency in all the cases where it is important to take all observations into account and data does not have any extreme values for example in case of temperature of a month
(ii) Mean is not suitable in cases where there are very high and low values for example salary in a company.

## CBSE Class 9 Frequently Asked Questions

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 14 is on Statistics and includes Grouping and Tabulation of data, Graphical representation of data and Measures of central tendency. Each concept has NCERT solutions as well as concept and problem-solving videos. Students prefer to revise from these concepts and refer to the chapter notes and other features, including Sample papers, tests, and Ask a Doubt. Students use this UnDoubt service to see top user queries on specific concepts.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 14 on statistics carries six marks and is crucial for exam perspective. This chapter deals with a graphical representation of data and teaches Measures of central tendency. Students use TopperLearning question bank to practice the Multiple-choice and Short-answer type of questions. The bank also includes the Case-Study based questions to revise and practice.

Accordingly to NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, Statistics deals with collecting, presenting, analysing, and interpreting data. Data can be either ungrouped or grouped. Further, grouped data could be categorised into:

(a) Discrete frequency distribution and (b) Continuous frequency distribution.

Data can be represented in tables or the form of graphs. Common graphical forms are bar charts, pie diagrams, histograms, frequency polygons, ogives, etc.

The first order of comparison for a given data is the measures of central tendencies. Commonly used measures are (i) Arithmetic mean (ii) Median (iii) Mode.

Median is the measure that divides the data into two equal parts. The median is the middle term when the data is sorted. In the case of odd observations, the middle observation is the median. In the case of actual observations, the median is the average of the two middle observations. The median can be determined graphically. It does not take into account all the observations.