# Class 9 NCERT Solutions Maths Chapter 3 - Coordinate Geometry

Thoroughly understand the concept of the Cartesian plane with TopperLearning’s NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 Mathematics Chapter 3 Coordinate Geometry. Learn to plot points in a Cartesian plane with our Maths textbook solutions. Our experts include crucial concept insights in these model answers to give you more information for conceptual clarity.

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## Coordinate Geometry Exercise Ex. 3.1

### Solution 1

**Concept Insight:**Since there are two dimensions length and breadth of the table so two references are required to ascertain the position on the table. The point where the two edges of table can be taken as the references In this case we can have origin at any of the four corners. The perpendicular distance from the edges will give the position of lamp. Remember that (25, 30) and (30, 25) represent two different positions on the table.

### Solution 2

**Concept Insight:**Consider north-south and west-east directions as two perpendicular axes. The point where the two axes intersect is called the origin. Drawing line parallel to x axis and y axis will give the five streets for each of the two given directions. Any point (x,y) on Cartesian plane represents a distance of x units from y axis and y units from x axis. Coordinate points (x,y) and (y,x) represents two different positions on a plane if . Each coordinate point on the Cartesian plane determines a unique position.

## Coordinate Geometry Exercise Ex. 3.2

### Solution 1

(ii) The name of each part of the plane formed by these two lines x-axis and y-axis is called as quadrants (one fourth part)

(iii) Name of the point where there two lines intersect is called as origin.

**Concept Insight:**The question is based on factual knowledge remember that the horizontal and vertical lines drawn to determine the position are called x-axis and y axis respectively. The point where these two axes intersect is called the origin and these axes divide the coordinate plane into four parts called the 4 quadrants.

### Solution 2

(i) The x coordinate and y coordinate of point B are - 5 and 2 respectively. So the coordinates of point B is (- 5, 2)..

(ii) The x coordinate and y coordinate of point C are 5 and - 5 respectively. So the coordinates of point C is (5, - 5).

(iii) The point whose x coordinate and y coordinate are - 3 and - 5 respectively is point E.

(iv) The point whose x coordinate and the y coordinate are 2 and - 4 respectively is point G.

(v) The x coordinate of point D is 6. So, abscissa of the point D is 6.

(vi) The y coordinate of point H is - 3. So, ordinate of point H is - 3.

(vii) The x coordinate and y coordinate of point L are 0 and 5 respectively. So coordinates of point L is (0, 5).

(viii) The x coordinate and y coordinate of point M are - 3 and 0 respectively. So the coordinates of point M is (- 3, 0).

**Concept Insight:**For an ordered pair(x, y) in the coordinate plane, x is the distance of the point from Y axis also called the abscissa and y is the distance of the point from X axis also called the ordinate.

Remember that while locating the position of a point we always write x coordinate first and then y coordinate, the two coordinate points are always written in a closed bracket and are separated by a comma.

## Coordinate Geometry Exercise Ex. 3.3

### Solution 1

(ii) The point (3,-1) lies in IVth quadrant in Cartesian plane because for point (3,-1) , x coordinate is positive and y coordinate is negative.

(iii) The point (-1,0) lies on negative x-axis because for point (-1,0) the value of y coordinate is zero and the value of x coordinate is negative.

(iv) The point (1,2) lies in Ist quadrant as for point (1,2) both x and y are positive

(v) The point (-3,-5) lies in the IIIrd quadrant in Cartesian plane as for point (-3,-5) both x and y are negative.

Now let's plot each of the above points on the coordinate plane.

**Concept Insight:**- The coordinates of a point are of the form (+,+) in the first quadrant, (-,+) in the second quadrant, (-.-) in the third quadrant and (+,-) in the fourth quadrant, where + denotes a positive real number and - denotes a negative real number. The coordinates of any point on the x axis has y coordinate as zero and for a point on y axis x coordinate is zero.

For plotting the points let say (3,4) start from the origin first move 3 units along positive x axis and then from this marked position move 4 units along positive y axis.

### Solution 2

**Concept Insight:**The coordinates of a point (x,y) is such that its distance from y axis along the positive x axis is x units and the distance of the point from x axis along the y axis is y units. To locate such point we need to start from origin, count x units along x axis and then further move y units along y axis.