Class 9 NCERT Solutions Economics Chapter 1 - The Story of Village Palampur
Revise chapter concepts comfortably with easy access to NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur at TopperLearning. Read through our notes to understand traditional farming methods. Learn how monsoons impact farmers and what should be done for encouraging non-farm production activities in villages.
Our NCERT textbook solutions will also help you with writing about modern farming techniques which are used for increasing crop production. For more CBSE Class 9 Economics revision resources, check our sample question papers, concept videos and more.
The Story of Village Palampur Exercise 14
a. LOCATION: Bulandshahar district, Western Uttar Pradesh
b. TOTAL AREA OF THE VILLAGE: 226 hectares
c. LAND USE (in hectares):
Modern farming methods, on the other hand, involve the use of high-yielding variety seeds. These seeds require a combination of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, agricultural implements like tractors, and proper irrigation facilities like electric tube wells to produce the best results. All these elements are manufactured in industries. Hence, it would be right to say that modern farming methods make use of a greater number of industrial outputs as compared to traditional farming methods.
Total area of land under cultivation in Palampur = 200 hectares
The other way of increasing yield is by adopting modern farming methods. Modern farming methods involve the use of high-yielding variety seeds, irrigation, and chemical fertilisers and pesticides to produce maximum output from the same piece of land. The high-yielding varieties of seeds produce much greater amounts of grain on a single plant than the traditional varieties. As a result, far larger quantities of food grains can be produced from the same piece of land.
After harvest, there is little or no surplus left as almost all the produce is either used for his needs or for repaying his lenders. The lack of savings prevents him from adopting better farming practises and improving the conditions on his farm and in his house. As he is left with almost no working capital, his situation at the end of the day is still the same. He is still in need of money to start working on his farm, and for this, he takes more loans. Thus, he remains in the vicious circle of loans.
The situation of small farmers is in stark contrast. They begin an agricultural season with no working capital and end the season on more or less the same note. To begin working on their farms, they take loans at high rates of interest. Due to the small sizes of their farms, their total production is small. Their produce is kept for their needs or for repaying their lenders. As a result, they have no surplus to sell in the market, and thus, have no savings.
If she could get a loan from a bank, then her situation would definitely have been different. First of all, she would have got the loan at a reasonable rate of interest. Secondly, she would have been able to focus her entire attention on her farm. She would also have been able to devote more time to the needs of her family members, especially those of her three children.
The Story of Village Palampur Exercise 15
(i) The government should set up schemes whereby landless labourers and small farmers are able to get cheap loans to start small individual/community businesses.
(ii) In addition to financial assistance, the government should set up rural workshops to enable the villagers to build on their skill levels.
(iii) The government should also work towards improving the infrastructure of villages so that the rural parts of the country are well connected to the urban areas.