Chapter 1 : Democracy in the Contemporary World - Ncert Solutions for Class 9 Civics CBSE

Get the best study materials for CBSE Class 9 Civics as per the latest CBSE Class 9 syllabus. Revise the concepts in Democratic Politics-I with our CBSE Class 9 Revision Notes. Also, understand the importance of democracy in the contemporary world with our NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics.

The Civics chapters in Class 9 are designed to help you familiarise yourself with the Indian electoral system, the Indian judiciary system and the building of a democratic constitution in India. Learn about the guiding values of the constitution and the governmental structures. Find answers on the true meaning of democracy and why India follows a democratic constitution.

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Chapter 1 - Democracy in the Contemporary World Exercise 19

Solution 1

b. Invasion by foreign countries

Solution 2

c. In more and more countries rulers are being elected by the people.

Chapter 1 - Democracy in the Contemporary World Exercise 20

Solution 1

c. All countries in the world should be treated equally.

Solution 2

COUNTRY 

PATH TO DEMOCRACY

1. Chile

ii) End of military dictatorship

2. Nepal

iv) King agreed to give up his powers

3. Poland

 

iii) End of one party rule

4. Ghana

i) Freedom from British colonial rule

Solution 3

Citizens of non-democratic countries face a lot of difficulties. These are listed below:

  1. They are not allowed to choose their leader or raise a voice against changing their leader.
  2. They aren't entitled to form political parties without the consent of the one in power. They do not have the rights to form independent trade unions or are allowed to strike.
  3. They do not enjoy the right to freedom of speech and expression because there is a possibility that people can be arrested for any trivial matter.
  4. For example, the military coup of 1973 in Chile and the Communist government in Poland, which ruled till 1990, are examples of oppressive undemocratic rule. 
Solution 4

When a democracy is overthrown by the military, freedom is curbed and following incidents are usually witnessed:

  1. The military does whatever it wishes to do and no one has the authority to question them.
  2. The military government tortures, harasses, imprisons and also kills people who had gone against them during their takeover. Moreover, citizens are not allowed to show displeasure against any of their policies.
  3. People are barred from expressing their opinions freely, from forming any trade unions or even having the right to vote.
Solution 5
  1. No, it does not contribute towards democracy at a global level because every democracy's basic principle is equality. Every country or its people should enjoy equal status and rights irrespective of it being poor or rich. Also, the amount of money the country contributes towards international institutions is not the yardstick that determines the power a country can have globally.
  2. Yes, it does contribute towards democracy because it promotes a fundamental right-the right to freedom of speech and expression. When every person of the country utilises his/her right to express and be heard, he/she automatically supports democracy.
  3. No, it does not lead the democracy at the global level because at a universal level, all the countries whether rich or poor are equal. There should be no distinctions between the countries and all should be treated at par. Also, wealthy nations are not entitled to special treatments.
  4. No, it does not support democracy because geographical areas or the size of the country cannot be the criteria to determine the superiority of that country.
Solution 6

The opinion of Guest 1 can be easily agreed with.

Being a democracy, India has to support the democratic aspirations of the Nepali people. The Government of India is within its rights to declare support for those who are struggling for establishment of democratic government. However, there has to be recognition of the fact that no country can supplant democracy in another country. The push has to come from the people of that particular nation.

Chapter 1 - Democracy in the Contemporary World Exercise 21

Solution 1

Chaman: Even though people bought an end to the foreign rule in Happyland, it cannot be called a democratic country because the king ruled as a monarch. This form of government is known as monarchy. It is only when people will enjoy the right to choose their leader, will it be called a democratic country. 

Champa: A king cannot guarantee democracy because it will be a one-man rule. A government can be called a democracy only when there is a rule of the people. In other words, people should have the right to elect the nominal head of the state and their representatives.

Chandru: Happiness of the people cannot be the factor to form a democracy. The masses might be happy with the king, but he cannot establish a democracy because he is not an elected representative. For example: In olden days, people lived happily under various monarchs, but it cannot be called a democratic government, as they were chosen by the people.

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