NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 - Industries

What are the factors which are taken into consideration while choosing the location for an industry? Find out in TopperLearning’s NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries. In our solutions for this chapter, read answers on agro-based industries, mineral-based industries, joint sector industries and public sector industries.

Also, revise topics such as end product, raw materials, tertiary activities, co-operatives etc. in this CBSE Class 8 Geography chapter. To score high marks in your exam, you can use our additional resources such as revision notes and sample papers.

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Chapter 5 - Industries 63

Solution 1

(i) The term ‘industry’ implies an economic activity involving goods production, mineral extraction or provision of consumer services.


(ii) Several factors determine the particular location of an industry. They include:

   - Transport facilities

   - Provision of capital

   - Availability of land

   - Availability of raw material

   - Water availability

   - Labour supply

   - Power provision

   - Presence of market


(iii) The iron and steel industry is said to be the backbone of the modern industry. It is seen as a ‘feeder industry’ whose products get used as raw materials in other industrial units. Almost everything that humans use is either made of iron or steel, or is produced by making use of tools and machinery made of these metals.


(iv) The cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in erstwhile Bombay for several reasons. The climate of Mumbai is warm and moist which is perfect for spinning and weaving. The city also has an excellent sea port. Furthermore, abundant raw material and skilled labour was available in Mumbai.


(v) Following are the points of similarity between the information technology industry in Bangalore and California:

    - Presence of high quality educational institutions and scientific and technological research centers.

   - Presence of skilled and trained workforce.

   - Access to major markets.

   - Well developed civil infrastructure.

   - Pleasant and clean surroundings.


Solution 2

Solution 3



Agro-based Industries

Mineral-based Industries

These use plant and animal products as raw material.

These use minerals ores as raw material.

Mainly these provide employment to the rural households.

Provide employment for rural as well as urban households.

Examples include the cotton textile industry, dairy industry, etc.

Examples include iron and steel industry, copperware industry, etc.




Public-sector Industries

Joint-sector Industries

Public sector companies are owned and operated by the government.

These industries are jointed owned and operated by the government and an individual or a group of individuals.

Examples include Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Defence Research and Development Organisation.

Maruti Udyog Limited is an example.



Solution 4
(i) Raw materials: cotton and steel

(ii) End product: shirt and safety pin

(iii) Tertiary activities: banking and transport

(iv) Agro-based industries: dairy industry and cotton textile industry

(v) Cottage industries: pottery industry and basket-weaving industry

(vi) Co-operatives: Anand Milk Union Limited and Sudha Dairy