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Class 8 NCERT Solutions Civics Chapter 6 - Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Go through NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 6 Understanding our Criminal Justice System for effective revision. In this chapter, relearn the roles and responsibilities of people representing the justice system. Find out why different people play different roles in this system to ensure fairness in results. Learn about the responsibilities of the Police, the Public Prosecutor, the Judge and the Defence Lawyer.

Chapter-wise NCERT solutions on the TopperLearning study portal can be accessed any time. For exam revision, you can also go through the well-prepared CBSE Class 8 Civics revision notes and sample paper solutions. For chapter-related queries, you may visit our ‘UnDoubt’ section.

Understanding Our Criminal Justice System Exercise 76

Solution 1

The answers are

Police: Records the statements of witnesses

 Takes photographs of burnt homes

               Arrests the Fiesta fans

               Gets the assaulted women medically examined


Public Prosecutor: Cross examines the witnesses

                               Argues the case for the victims


Defence Lawyer:  Hears the witnesses

                              Examines the witnesses in court

                              Meets the accused persons 


Judge: Records the evidence

            Writes the judgement 

            Decides for how many years the accused will be put  in jail

            Passes the judgement

            Conducts a fair trial

No, if only a single person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system, then the victims would not get justice because he could get influenced by various prejudices and absolute power can lead to unfairness.


Two reasons why different persons need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system are

  • To avoid the misuse of power and unfairness in the results.
  • A single ideology may not be the right one, and it can affect the trial and the result of the case.