Class 8 NCERT Solutions Civics Chapter 6 - Confronting Marginalisation
Confronting Marginalisation Exercise 83
The fundamental rights of the Constitution which Dalits can draw upon to be treated with dignity and as equals are
Right to Equality: All persons are equal before the law. No citizen can be discriminated against on the basis of his or her socioeconomic background, caste, religion etc. Every person has equal right of access to all public places.
Right against Exploitation: The Constitution prohibits trafficking, forced labour and work performed by children under 14 years of age. One cannot be exploited or forced to do any particular job because of one's poor resources etc.
Right to Freedom: This includes the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to move freely, the right to form associations, the right to reside in any part of the country and the right to practise any kind of profession, occupation or business.
Rathnam used the law 'The 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act' because when he refused to perform the sadistic ritual, the powerful castes in the village decided to teach him a lesson. They ordered the community to ostracise him and his family, and everyone was told that no one should speak or do any work for them or with them. Some men even burnt his house down and tried to burn him and his family alive.
Adivasi activists including C. K. Janu believe that Adivasis can also use the 1989 Act to fight against dispossession because this Act guarantees the tribals not to be dispossessed from the land resources forcibly. They pointed specifically that this Act merely confirms what has already been promised to the tribal people in the Constitution-that their land cannot be sold to or bought by non-tribal people. The Constitution also guarantees the right of the tribal people to repossess their land.
As the answers may vary, please attempt this question on your own with the help of your subject teacher.