Class 7 NCERT Solutions History Chapter 7 - The Making of Regional Cultures
The Making of Regional Cultures Exercise 92
Manipravalam, literally meaning ‘diamonds and corals, was a amalgamation of Sanskrit and Malayalam. One of the most famous texts in the Manipravalam language is the ‘Lilatilakam’.
The Mughal emperors, their nobles, the courts of Rajasthan and Lucknow and the last Nawab of Awadh - Wajid Ali Shah - are known to be the major patrons of Kathak.
The most crucial architectural features of the temples in Bengal were the double-roof (dochala) and the four-roof (chauchala).
The Making of Regional Cultures Exercise 93
Minstrels proclaimed the achievements and adventures of heroes in order to preserve their memory and inspire people to follow their suit. Ordinary people were inspired by these stories that featured not only dramatic situations, but also idealistic emotions like loyalty, friendship, valour, etc.
Historically, only the ruling class could afford employing historians for the purpose of documentation. As a result, there are not many accounts that give details about the cultural practices of the common populace. Rulers like the Rajputs cherished the ideal of the valiant ‘hero’ and hence trained minstrels specially to recite poems and songs about Rajput heroes.
The temple of Jagannatha at Puri had gained prominence as a major center of pilgrimage. As a result, its symbolic importance in social and political matters had also increased. Conquerors like the Mughals, the Marathas and even the English East India Company sought to gain control over the temple. It was thought that control over the temple would result in the local people accepting the legitimacy of the rule.
Temples were built in Bengal for two purposes – to demonstrate political power and to proclaim the deity. Many of the small brick and terracotta temples in Bengal were built with the help of the social groups of the lower strata like the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (bell metal workers). As the new economic opportunities enabled by the European trading companies improved the socio-economic standing of families, they announced their status through the construction of temples.