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Class 7 NCERT Solutions Civics Chapter 2 - Role of the Government in Health

Role of the Government in Health Exercise 29

Solution 1

Living Standard

  • It means the way of living.
  • It is defined as a level of material comfort which is measured by the goods, services and luxuries available to an individual, group or nation.
  • It also speaks about the economic conditions of any country or any person.
  • It shows how much expense is being incurred towards our status of living.

Public Health

  • It is the health of the general public.
  • Health means our ability to remain free from illness and injuries.
  • The Constitution of India ensures that every person has equal right to good health without discrimination.
  • The government arranges these health services for the public which is called Public Health Services.

Solution 2

In India, private healthcare services and hospitals are more in practice. However, as these private hospitals are very expensive, poor patients cannot afford to be admitted to such hospitals. On the other hand, government hospitals are few, not equipped properly and do not have good experienced doctors. Hence, the government should pass a regulation prohibiting the private practice of doctors to provide healthcare services for all. Other than this, there are different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all: 

  • Opening and maintenance of
    1. Healthcare centres
    2. Hospitals
    3. Family welfare centres
    4. Primary health centres
    5. Dispensaries
  • Free camps for check-ups
  • Training camps
  • Pulse polio and other similar special campaigns
  • Free diagnosis centres
  • Health awareness programmes
  • Workshops and seminars regarding health benefits

Solution 3


Cost of services

Availability of services


High-very high

Easily available or available to only a few



Sometimes available; if available, services not properly maintained

Solution 4

In our country, most of the diseases are caused by contaminated water and poor sanitation.



Several diseases are water borne diseases which are caused by water contamination and drinking of contaminated water.

Several diseases are caused by poor sanitary conditions.

People lack knowledge regarding water supply and its purity.

People are not fully aware of proper sanitation techniques.

Diseases caused by contamination are loose motions, diarrhoea, malaria, cholera, dysentery, jaundice etc.

Diseases caused by poor sanitation are plague, fever etc.

Improvement can be brought about by treating water using purifiers, filters and Reverse Osmosis (RO) systems.

Improvement can be brought about by maintaining cleanliness and proper disposal of waste.