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Class 6 NCERT Solutions History Chapter 4 - What Books and Burials Tell Us

What Books and Burials Tell Us Exercise 41

Solution 1

Solution 2

(a) Slaves were used for various kinds of work their owners wanted them to do.

(b) Megaliths are found in the Deccan, south India, in the North-East and Kashmir.

(c) Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to indicate/mark burial sites.

(d) Port holes were used for entering cists.

(e) People at Inamgaon ate wheat, barley, rice, pulses, millets, peas and sesame as well as animal flesh and fruits like ber, amla, jamun, dates and berries.

Solution 3

The books we read today are different from the Rig Veda in a way that today’s books are written and painted while the Rig Veda was recited and heard, it was later handwritten. The text of the Rig Veda is in old or Vedic Sanskrit which is different from the Sanskrit used today. The book was written down several centuries later after it was first composed and printed 200 years back.

Solution 4

Archaeologists use objects found buried along with a skeleton at the burial site (that probably belonged to the dead person) as evidence that social differences existed amongst those who were buried.

The evidence is the amount of jewelry on the corpse or the number of belongings buried with it. If for example a skeleton was found with many objects including gold bangles, gold beads, conch shells etc then it belonged to a rich person. If however only a few pots were found buried then it was the skeleton of a poor person.

What Books and Burials Tell Us Exercise 42

Solution 5

Rajas did not have capital cities, palaces or armies and did not collect taxes. Their sons did not automatically succeed their fathers as rajas. The dasa or dasi  however were slaves often captured in war and treated as the property of the owners who could make them do whatever work they wanted.

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