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Class 6 NCERT Solutions History Chapter 2 - On the Trail of the Earliest People

On the Trail of the Earliest People Exercise 20

Solution 1

(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because they provided them with shelter from the rain, heat and wind.

(b) Grasslands developed around 12,000 years ago.

(c) Early people painted on the walls of caves.

(d) In Hunsgi, tools were made of limestone.

Solution 2

Tushar's train can pass through any of the mentioned sites.

Solution 3

Hunter-gatherers travelled from place to place because:

  1. If they stayed in one place they would have exhausted all the plant and animal resources that were available there.
  2. Animals moved in search of food and so those who hunted them down had to follow their movements.
  3. Both plants and trees bear fruit in different seasons so the hunter-gatherer’s needed to move to find different fruits.
  4. Finally they moved in search of water because of some lakes or rivers being seasonal.
  5. They may also have travelled to meet friends and relatives.

Now-a-days, we do not travel in search of food and water but we do travel to meet out friends and relatives. We also travel to reach our schools, our places of work, people travel for trade, business, leisure and several other reasons.

Solution 4

We use knife, cutter, fork, machine, etc to cut fruits.

These can be made up of different metals such as copper, stainless steel, iron, etc.

Solution 5

The three ways in which the hunter - gatherers used fire were:

  1. As a source of light.
  2. To cook food.
  3. To scare away animals.
  4. To warm themselves up during winters.

Fire now-a-days is used to cook food and also to keep us warm. It is also used by many for religious purposes.