NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 3 - From Gathering to Growing Food

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Chapter 3 - From Gathering to Growing Food Exercise 31

Solution 1

People who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time to look after the plants. This is done because plants that provide crops have to be looked after, have to be watered, the fields need to be weeded and the animals and birds have to be driven away. Moreover, the grain needs to be taken care of till it ripens.

Solution 2

If Neinuo wanted to eat rice she should have visited Koldihwa and Mahagara (in present-day Uttar Pradesh).

Solution 3

Archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with because at the earlier levels many kinds of bones were found which belonged to wild animals such as deer and pig. However, in later levels, more bones of sheep, goats and cattle were found suggesting that these animals were generally kept by the people of Mehrgarh.

Solution 4

(a) True.

(b) False.

(c) False.

(d) True.

Solution 5

Three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from hunter–gatherers:

  • The farmers started leading a settled life by building houses for themselves instead of leading a nomadic life unlike the hunter-gatherers who moved from place to place.
  • The farmers started producing food instead of gathering food which helped them to have more food than required for the entire family. Whereas the hunter-gatherers gathered their food and ate it uncooked.
  • The farmers used various kinds of tools which were polished to give a fine-cutting edge such as mortars and pestles while hunter gatherers continued to use stone made tools.
Solution 6

Animal Name

Use

Sheep

Meat, Wool and Milk

Goat

Milk and Meat

Buffalo

Meat and Milk

Ox

Ploughing fields, drawing carts and chariot

Pig

Meat

Dog

For domestication, protection

Cattle

For milk, meat and transport of goods.