Class 6 NCERT Solutions Geography Chapter 7 - Our Country - India
Our Country - India Exercise 54
(a) India has diverse physical features – mountains, plains, plateaus, coasts and islands. The major physical divisions of India are:
- The Great Himalayas or Himadri
- The Northern Great Plains
- The Coastal Plains
- The Peninsular Plains
- The Islands
(b) The countries that share land boundaries with India are:
(c) Narmada and Tapi (Tapti) are the two major rivers that fall into Arabian Sea.
(d) Ganga and the Brahmaputra form the Sundarbans delta, the world’s largest delta.
(e) There are 29 States and 7 Union Territories. The states of Haryana & Punjab and Union territory of Chandigarh have a common capital – Chandigarh. Also, the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana share a common capital – Hyderabad - it is supposed to serve as joint capital for a period not exceeding ten years.
(f) The northern plains are formed by the alluvial deposits that are laid down by the rivers and their tributaries – the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and the Indus,
Large numbers of people live in these northern plains because:
- These plains are generally found to be level and flat.
- They are favourable for agriculture as they provide fertile land.
There are better transport facilities here.
(g) Lakshadweep islands are located opposite to the coast of Kerala in Arabian Sea. The island is known as coral island because it has been made up of coral, which are skeletons of tiny marine animals called polyps.
When the living polyps die, other polyps grow on top of their hard skeletons. They grow higher and higher and thus form coral islands.
Our Country - India Exercise 55
(a) India has an area of about 3.28 million sq. kms.
(b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as Himadri.
(c) The largest state in India in terms of area is Rajasthan.
(d) The river Narmada falls into the Arabian Sea.
(e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is Tropic of Cancer.