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Class 6 NCERT Solutions Geography Chapter 4 - Maps

Maps Exercise 28

Solution 1

(a) The three components of a map are:

• distance
• direction
• symbol.

(b) The four cardinal directions are:

• North
• West
• South
• East

(c) The scale of the map is defined as the ratio between the distance on the land to the distance on the map.

(d) Maps are more helpful than the globe because:

• They can be used to study earth as a whole.
• They help to study the details of the Earth minutely such as the physical and political features and various other information.

(e)

 Map Plan It is a representation of earth’s surface or a part of it, on a sheet of paper. It is a drawing of a small area on a large scale, on a sheet of paper. It covers only the important features. This is because it has to cover large area, such as continents or countries. It covers every detail of an area/place. This is because it has to cover small area, such as room, garden, etc. It is drawn on a small scale. It is drawn on a large scale.

(f) Large scale maps provide detailed information as they are drawn on huge sizes of paper, which gives it ample space to depict detailed information.

(g) Symbols help in reading the maps better in the following manner:

• Since the actual shape and size of different features cannot be drawn on the map, they are represented by using certain connotations – colour, images, letters, etc.
• This makes it easier to understand and interpret the map.
• Since it does not include any language, it can be read by uneducated or less educated people too.