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Class 6 NCERT Solutions Civics Chapter 1 - Understanding Diversity

Understanding Diversity Exercise 12

Solution 1

 Lhori  Hindus, Sikhs

 Holi ─ Hindus, Sikhs, Jains

 Id-ul-Fitr ─ Muslims

 Raksha Bandhan ─ Hindus, Jains, Sikhs

 Dusshera ─ Hindus

 Christmas ─ Christians

 Diwali  Hindus

 Id-ul-Milind  Muslims

 Good Friday ─ Christians

Solution 2

The rich heritage of diversity in India enriches our lives in many ways:

a) We celebrate festivals of different communities and cultures.

b) We have different languages.

c) We have a variety in music and dance.

d) We enjoy eating food of different regions.

This kind of diversity develops a sense of friendship and unity, which brings harmony and prosperity. 

Solution 3

'Unity in Diversity' is an appropriate term to describe India. India is a land of various cultures, creed, castes and religions and still people live in harmony and brotherhood. They celebrate different festivals together and share their joys and sorrows. Differences in cultures, religions and languages add charm and spice to our lives. This diversity helps us live a harmonious life. In fact, unity in diversity is a base for Indian nationalism.

For example, during the British rule, people from different parts of India rose up and protested against them. Both Hindus and Muslims laid down their lives at Jallianwallah Bagh in Amritsar. When India got independence, members of the Constituent Assembly who belonged to different sections of society framed our Constitution.

Jawaharlal Nehru in his book 'The Discovery of India' wrote that India was always united in spite of several religious and cultural differences. He said, "Indian unity is not something imposed from the outside but rather it was deeper and within its fold, the widest tolerance of beliefs and customs was practised and variety acknowledged and even encouraged." 

Solution 4

The line 'the blood of Hindus and Muslims flow together today' reflects India's essential unity.

Solution 5

The two regions are

(1) Assam

(2) Maharashtra


Geographical Features:

  • It is situated at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas, is the largest State in northeast India and lies in the middle reach of the river Brahmaputra and Barak.
  • The land has uneven topography and is full of hills, plains and rivers.
  • The climate of the place is warm and humid.
  • The food of the people is fish, rice and tea.

Historical Features:

  • Traders from Britain
  • Traders from China



 Geographical Features:

  • Located in the north centre of Peninsular India, with the Arabian Sea towards its west.
  • The dominant physical trait of the state is its plateau region.
  • The state enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and a hot scorching summer.
  • The food of the people is rice, wheat, fish, millets etc.

 Historical Features:

  • Traders from overseas
  • Traders from other parts of the country

People of both the states are diverse but are traditionally one and the same. Geographical and historical factors have bought them together.

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