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Class 10 NCERT Solutions Civics Chapter 2 - Federalism

Federalism Exercise 27

Solution 1

Solution 2

Solution 3

One feature of federalism in India that is similar to Belgium is that in both countries, the state governments enjoy autonomy from the central government in various fields.

The feature which is different from Belgium is that Belgium has a community government in addition to the Central and the state governments.

Solution 4

The main difference between the unitary and the federal form of government is that in federal form of government, the power is divided between the state and the central governments. For example, in India, the Central government looks after national matters, while the state governments look after the state administration.

In the unitary form of government, all powers are vested in the central government. For example, in Sri Lanka and Britain, all the powers are vested in the hands of the central government only.

Solution 5

Following are the differences between the local governments before and after the constitutional amendment of 1992.

Local government before 1992

Local government after the 1992

Elections to the local bodies were not held regularly.

Elections to the local bodies are not held regularly after a fixed period of time.

Seats were not reserved for women in the local bodies.

One-third of the total seats are reserved for women in the local bodies.

Solution 6

Coming together, strong, holding together, central

Solution 7

I would like to support Sangeeta's view that the policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity. India is a multicultural, multilingual and multireligious plural society where people belonging to various religions, castes, creed and linguistic groups live amicably with each other. In case of the framework of lingual policy, the Indian government has given equal status to all the languages in the country. Though Hindi has been declared as the national language of India, many safeguards are provided to the regional languages in the country. States too have adopted their own official language. Therefore, we can say that this policy of accommodation has strengthened our national unity and has avoided conflicts among the people and states.

Solution 8

(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Solution 9

Union List

Defence, banking and communications.

State List

Police, agriculture and trade.

Concurrent List

Education, forests and marriages.

Federalism Exercise 28

Solution 10

(d) Local governments--Residuary powers

Solution 11

(c) ACDB

Solution 12

(c) A and B only

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