Chapter 2 Federalism - Ncert Solutions for Class 10 Civics CBSE

Civics is an important subject of Social Science which emphasises on the basic rights and duties of a national. Learning about the subject will give you an idea on how the government actually functions. So, it is important to study all these fundamentals in detail. Getting more marks in CBSE Class 10 Civics is now easy with study materials provided by TopperLearning. Access our numerous video lessons, revision notes, question banks, sample papers and past year papers. All these study materials are created by subject experts who are familiar with the ins and outs of the CBSE syllabus.

Learning the fundamentals is important and will help you to understand the Constitution of India. Our study materials are mostly referred by those who rely on last-minute preparation. Our engaging materials are also helpful when doing homework. CBSE Class 10 Civics students who have referred to our study resources have seen a remarkable improvement in their marks. In case you have any difficulties regarding concepts, you can refer to our NCERT textbook solutions which are available online and free of cost. While designing our study materials, we have taken care that you learn all the concepts according to the latest CBSE syllabus. At TopperLearning, we motivate students to join our online classes, to clear all their fundamentals and to ask questions, so that studies can get more interesting and they can achieve more marks in the examination. 

Read  more
Page / Exercise

Chapter 2 - Federalism Excercise 27

Solution 1
Solution 2

Solution 3

One feature of federalism in India that is similar to Belgium is that in both countries, the state governments enjoy autonomy from the central government in various fields.

The feature which is different from Belgium is that Belgium has a community government in addition to the Central and the state governments.

Solution 4

The main difference between the unitary and the federal form of government is that in federal form of government, the power is divided between the state and the central governments. For example, in India, the Central government looks after national matters, while the state governments look after the state administration.

In the unitary form of government, all powers are vested in the central government. For example, in Sri Lanka and Britain, all the powers are vested in the hands of the central government only.

Solution 5

Following are the differences between the local governments before and after the constitutional amendment of 1992.

Local government before 1992

Local government after the 1992

Elections to the local bodies were not held regularly.

Elections to the local bodies are not held regularly after a fixed period of time.

Seats were not reserved for women in the local bodies.

One-third of the total seats are reserved for women in the local bodies.

Solution 6

Coming together, strong, holding together, central

Solution 7

I would like to support Sangeeta's view that the policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity. India is a multicultural, multilingual and multireligious plural society where people belonging to various religions, castes, creed and linguistic groups live amicably with each other. In case of the framework of lingual policy, the Indian government has given equal status to all the languages in the country. Though Hindi has been declared as the national language of India, many safeguards are provided to the regional languages in the country. States too have adopted their own official language. Therefore, we can say that this policy of accommodation has strengthened our national unity and has avoided conflicts among the people and states.

Solution 8

(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Solution 9

Union List

Defence, banking and communications.

State List

Police, agriculture and trade.

Concurrent List

Education, forests and marriages.

Chapter 2 - Federalism Excercise 28

Solution 1

(d) Local governments--Residuary powers

Solution 2

(c) ACDB

Solution 3

(c) A and B only