Fri March 27, 2015 By: Sachi Parihar

why carbon has vaency 4 and chrine 1

Expert Reply
Hanisha Vyas
Sat March 28, 2015
Valency is the combining capacity of an atom.
The atomic number of carbon is 6. Its electronic configuration is (2, 4). It has 4 electrons in its outermost shell (valence shell). Carbon will either gain or lose these 4 electrons to complete its octet. Thus, the valency of carbon is 4.
Similarly, atomic number of chlorine is 17. Its electronic configuration is (2, 8, 7). Thus, chlorine will gain 1 electron to complete its octet. Therefore, the valency of chlorine is 1.
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