Most of the diseases are caused by viruses or bacteria and how can prevent them.
Vaccination helps to to prevent several viral and bacterial diseases.
General rules of hygiene should be followed, especially in case of a family memeber being infected.
Whenever possible, contact should be avoided with infected people.
Home and surrounding should be kept clean and tidy.
Providing safe drinking water will helpin preventing water borne diseases. Airborne diseases can be prevented by living in places that are not overcrowded.
Proper and balanced diet is essential in order to provide immunity to the body to fight against the diseases.