How can we know whether the given molecule is polar molecule or non polar molecule?explain with suitable example.(explain briefly)

Expert Reply
Tue September 18, 2012

When there are no polar bonds in a molecule, there is no permanent charge difference between one part of the molecule and another, and the molecule is nonpolar. For example, the Cl2 molecule has no polar bonds because the electron charge is identical on both atoms. It is therefore a nonpolar molecule. None of the bonds in hydrocarbon molecules, such as hexane, C6H14, are significantly polar, so hydrocarbons are nonpolar molecular substances.

A molecule can possess polar bonds and still be nonpolar. If the polar bonds are evenly (or symmetrically) distributed, the bond dipoles cancel and do not create a molecular dipole. For example, the three bonds in a molecule of BF3 are significantly polar, but they are symmetrically arranged around the central boron atom. No side of the molecule has more negative or positive charge than another side, and so the molecule is nonpolar.

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