can you please tell me the rules for writing the names of organic compound
The basic carbon skeleton is indicated by the root name.
These root names differ based on the number of carbons in main chain.
C1 = meth; C2 = eth; C3 = prop; C4 = buta; C5 = penta; C6 = hexa; C7 = hepta; C8 = octa; C9 = nona; C10 = deca.
A primary suffix is added to the root word to indicate the saturation or unsaturation in the carbon chain.
Name of Carbon Chain Primary Suffix Name
Saturated [C-C] -ane Alkane
Unsaturated [C=C] -ene Alkene
Unsaturated [C?C] -yne Alkyne
A secondary suffix indicates the functional group present in the carbon compound. Usually the terminal e of the primary suffix is replaced by the second suffix.
Functional group Secondary Suffix
Carboxylic acid -oic acid
The group which contains one hydrogen less than the corresponding alkane is called as the alkyl group.
The group which contains one hydrogen less than the corresponding alkene is called as the alkenyl group.
The group which contains one hydrogen less than the corresponding alkyne is called as the alkynyl group.