How did the geographical location of India help her in maintaining trading relationships and cultural contacts with various countries?
India is located centrally between the East and West Asia. The Indian Ocean connected the country with various maritime trade routes which helped her to establish trade relations with countries in West Asia, Africa and Europe. This is the reason that the Indian Ocean was named after her.
India was also connected to many countries through land routes. The various passes in the Himalayas (e.g. the Khyber Pass) provided a passage to the travellers in ancient times. The silk route passed through India which intensified the trading relations of the country with various other countries. Many commodities such as silk and various varieties of cloth were traded. Through the land routes, the Arabs spread the knowledge of the Indian numerals to the west.
These trade routes also enriched the Indian culture as many Greeks and Persians considerably influenced the Indian style of architecture.
Hence, the geographical location of India helped her to develop the trading and cultural relations with many countries.
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