Explain summer solstice.
On 21st June, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun, while the Southern Hemisphere is turned away from the Sun. The rays of the Sun fall vertically over the Tropic of Cancer and a large portion of the Northern Hemisphere receives the heat and light of the Sun. Days are longer than the nights in the Northern Hemisphere, and they experience the summer season. The longest day and shortest night occur on 21st June in the Northern Hemisphere.
At this time, all the conditions are reversed in the Southern Hemisphere and they experience winter.
This position of the Earth is called the Summer Solstice.
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