CBSE Class 9 Grammar Revision Notes for Types of sentences (Form)

Types of Sentences – Form

 

What is a Sentence?

A sentence is a group of words and has at least one clause in it. It conveys meaning and is complete.

 

Dependent and Independent Clauses

 

A clause which can stand alone as a sentence is called an independent clause. 

A clause which cannot stand alone as a sentence and always relies on the independent clause to complete it is known as a dependent clause.


Types of Sentences according to Form

There are four types of sentences in English:

•Simple sentences

•Compound sentences

•Complex sentences

•Compound–complex sentences

 

Simple Sentences

Simple sentences have one subject and one verb. In other words, they contain just one clause.

 

Compound Sentences

Compound sentences have two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.  In other words, it is made of two or more simple sentences.

 

Complex Sentences

Complex sentences contain a dependent clause apart from an independent clause. 

The dependent clause may be an adjective clause or an adverb clause.

 

Compound–Complex Sentence 

Compound–complex sentences contain two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.