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CBSE Class 9 Answered

question 30
Asked by prishajoshi.a | 17 Jul, 2022, 05:17: PM
Expert Answer

Role of Jacobines:

  • The Jacobin Club in France was formed by the revolutionary forces of the country. It included small shopkeepers, watch makers, pastry cooks, printers, daily wage earners and servants. It was the most popular and successful political club of France. The Jacobin club derived its name from a former convent of St Jacob in Paris. 
  • In 1792, when the supplies of bread reduced, the Jacobins along with people stormed the Tuileries Palace and imprisoned the royal family of France. Thus they played an important role in the beginning of the French Revolution
  • They wore Knee-breeches and in addition a red cap symbolizing Liberty.
  • This development led to the changes in the Constitution. Elections were held and everyone more than 21 years of age was given the right to vote.
  • The Jacobins on 21st September 1792, abolished Monarchy and declared France as Republic.
  • Their leader, Maximilian Robespierre, instilled fear and discipline in his reign. He ensured Equality was practiced in all forms of speech and address
  • He established the Revolutionary Tribunal which tried the ex-nobles and clergy, members of other political parties etc. Thereby, leaving no trace of the Monarchy or anyone associated to it.
Answered by Social Science Expert | 17 Jul, 2022, 08:37: PM
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