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Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy

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Frank Textbook Solutions Chapter 7 - Metallurgy

Frank Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful for solving difficult questions in the ICSE Class 10 Chemistry exam. TopperLearning Textbook Solutions are compiled by our subject experts. Herein, you can find all the answers to the questions of   Chapter 7 - Metallurgy for the Frank textbook.

Frank Textbook Solutions for class 10 are in accordance with the latest ICSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time to be most relevant. Our free Frank Textbook Solutions for ICSE Class 10 Chemistry will give you deeper insight on the chapters and will help you to score more marks in the final examination. ICSE Class 10 students can refer to our solutions while doing their homework and while preparing for the exam.

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Exercise/Page

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 152

Solution 9

Solution 10

Solution 11

Solution 12

(i) Aqueous solution of sodium chloride is not used for electrolytic reduction of sodium metal because sodium metal formed at cathode after discharge of sodium ions( at cathode) will react with water to form alkali NaOH.
(ii) For the reduction of a metal oxide a reducing agent other than carbon is carbon monoxide (CO).

Solution 13

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 169

Solution 1

(i) Gold and Platinum.
(ii) Charge.
(iii) Gangue.
(iv) Flux.
(v) Calcination.
(vi) Roasting.
(vii) Iron pyrites.
(viii) Bauxite.
(ix) Cryolite,  aluminium fluoride, Calcium fluoride.
(x) Cathode: inner lining of gas-carbon of the electrolytic cell.
Anode: Thick carbon rods dipping into the fused electrolytes.
(xi) Thermite welding.
(xii) Copper and silver.
(xiii) Aluminium, Iron.
(xiv) platinum and  gold
(xv) sodium and potassium

Solution 2

(i) Zinc is used in galvanization and dry cells because zinc coating protects the iron from corrosion as it is more electropositive than iron hence it would be attacked first.
(ii) Nitric acid can be stored in aluminium containers because it do not attack aluminium. It renders aluminium passive due to the formation of an oxide film on  surface of aluminum.
(iii) Aluminium oxide cannot be reduced by carbon because it is comparatively high in electrochemical series hence more reactive than carbon.
(iv) A neutral gas other than oxygen is formed at the anode during electrolysis of fused alumina because the oxygen gas formed at the anode oxidizes the carbon of the anode to carbon dioxide.
(v) Extraction of aluminium was very difficult in the beginning because it was very expensive.
(vi) Carbon anodes are used in the electrolytic extraction of aluminium because carbon in the form of graphite is a good conductor of electricity.
(vii) Galvanized metal ions should not be used for storing food as food acids may react with the zinc coating and cause food poisoning.

Solution 3

(i) Mineral: The naturally occurring compounds of metals which are generally mixed with earthy such as soil, sand, limestone and rocks are known as minerals.
(ii) Ore: Those minerals from which a metal can be extracted profitably are called ores.
(iii) Gangue: The rocky impurities like (SiO2) present in an ore are called gangue.
(iv) Charge: The mixture of materials fed into a furnace to extract a metal is called charge.
(v) Flux: The substance added to get rid of gangue in the extraction of metal is called flux.
(vi) Slag: The product obtained by the combination of gangue with flux is called slag.

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 170

Solution 4

Solution 5

(a) Mercury.
(b) Silver.
(c) Zinc.
(d) Aluminium.

Solution 6

As we know that minerals are the naturally occurring compounds of metals which are generally mixed with earthy such as soil, sand, limestone and rocks while ores are those minerals from which a metal can be extracted profitably.
Hence "All ores are minerals but all minerals are not ores".

Solution 7

(a) Iron: Haematite (Fe2O3) and Magnetite (Fe3O4).
(b) Zinc: Zinc blende (ZnS) and Calamine (ZnCO3).
(c) Aluminium:Bauxite (Al2O3) and Cryolite (AlF3.3NaF).

Solution 8

Solution 9

Refining of metals: It is the further purification of metals obtained by reduction process to remove all the impurities.
Depending upon the nature of metal, nature of impurities and purpose for which metal is to be used. The three methods used for refining are:

Liquation.

Distillation.

Electrolytic refining.

Solution 10

Solution 11

Solution 12

Solution 13

Cryolite acts as a solvent for the electrolytic mixture in the electrolytic reduction of alumina in the Hall's process.

Solution 14

Solution 15

Solution 16

An alloy is a homogeneous mixture of two or more metals fused together and then solidified.
Alloys are made because they have many salient features:

Tensile strength.
Strength.
Electrical hardness.

Solution 17

The properties of alloys which are different from constituent metals are:
1. Alloys are stronger and harder than the metals of which they are made.
2. Alloys are more resistant to corrosion.

Solution 18

Amalgam: A mixture or an alloy of mercury with a number of metals or non-metals is known as amalgams. An amalgam may be liquid such as Na/Hg or a solid like Zn/Hg.

Iron does not form amalgam.
Dental amalgam which is a mixture of mercury with a silver tin alloy is used for dental fillings.

Solution 19

Solution 20

(i) Galvanization protects iron from rusting because in galvanization coating of zinc is done over iron articles and zinc being more electropositive would be attacked preferably than iron.
(ii) Stainless steel is more useful than steel as it is harder, has high tensile strength, more lustre, more resistance to corrosion and many chemicals.
(iii) Aluminium is extensively used for making aircraft parts because of features like high tensile strength, corrosion resistance light but hard and tough.
(iv) Cold water has no action on aluminium while burning aluminium decomposes steam.

Solution 21

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 171

Solution 1991-1

(a) Iron having a coating of zinc is called galvanized iron.
(b) iron which cannot be easily acted upon by acidsis called as passive iron. Galvanized iron is called passive iron since coating of zinc protects the iron from corrosion as zinc is more electropositive and so would be attacked first.

Solution 1991-2

Zinc amalgam which is a mixture of zinc and mercury.

Solution 1992-1

Solution 1992-3

(a) Nitrogen.
(b)Iodine
(c) Bromine
(d) Carbon in the form of graphite

Solution 1992-2

(a). Cryolite is Na3AlF6 and its chemical name is Sodium aluminium fluoride.
(b). Cryolite is used in the electrolysis of alumina. The function of cryolite is to
(i) Reduce melting point of alumina
(ii) Make molten alumina a good conductor of electricity

Solution 1993-1

Gold.

Solution 1993-2

Solution 1994-1

Reactivity of metals with water Sodium, calcium, magnesium, iron

Solution 1994-2

Solution 1995-1

Solution 1995-2

Zinc amalgam.

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 172

Solution 1996-1

Solution 1996-2

Solution 1996-3

An alloy is a homogeneous mixture of two or more metals fused together and then solidified.
(a) The special property of duralumin is:

Light but hard
Resistant to corrosion
Ductile
(b) Type metal = Hard

Solution 1997-1

Chromium and nickel is added to steel to make it stainless steel.

Solution 1997-2

Ore  Those minerals from which a metal can be extracted profitably are called ores. For example bauxite ore is used to extract aluminium metal, hematite ore is used to extract iron metal.

Solution 1998-1

(a) good, poor.
(b) non-malleable.
(c) form negative ions.
(d) basic oxides.

Solution 1998-2

(a) Mercury.
(b) Graphite.

Solution 1998-3

Metals have 1, 2, 3 valence electrons while non-metals have 4, 5, 6 or 7 valence electrons.

Solution 1999-1

Magnesium oxide, iron (II) oxide, lead (II) oxide and then copper (II) oxide.

Solution 1999-2

Solution 1999-3

(a) Ionic bonding is expected in a metallic chloride.
(b) Metal would be obtained at cathode.
(c) Graphite, like metals is a good conductor of electricity.

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 173

Solution 2000-1

(a) Blue
(b) Red
(c) Hydrogen
(d) acidic, acidic
(e) graphite.

Solution 2001-1

(a) Copper
(b) Iron
(c) Zinc
(d) Magnesium

Solution 2001-2

Sodium > magnesium > Zinc > Iron > Copper

Solution 2002-1

Solution 2002-2

Solution 2003-1

Solution 2004-1

Iodine is a non- metal that has a metallic luster and sublimes on heating.

Solution 2004-2

Solution 2004-3

Zinc blende (ZnS)

Solution 2004-4

Solution 2004-5

Galvanization.

Solution 2004-6

Solution 2005-1

(a) (i) B, D F
(ii) A, C E
(b) (i) Sodium hydroxide solution
(ii) Cryolite
(C) Na3AlF6

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 175

Solution 2005-2

(a) For stainless steel: iron, chromium
(b) For brass: Copper and zinc.

Solution 2006-1

(a) Mercury.
(b) Cryolite.
(c) Roasting.
(d) Calcium silicate.
(e) Zone of heat absorption.

Solution 2007-1

Solution 2008-1

(b)

Frank Modern Certificate Solution for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 - Metallurgy Page/Excercise 176

Solution 2009-1

(a) Carbon as it forms very large number of compounds while the rest do not.
(b) Mercury as it is a liquid metal while the rest aresolid.

Solution 2009-2

(a) Copper reacts with concentrated nitric acid to produce nitrogen dioxide.
(b) Bauxite is the chief ore of aluminium.

Solution 2009-3

(a) A is cathode and B is anode.
(b) Molten fluorides of Al, Na and Ba.
(c) Graphite rods.

Solution 2009-4

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the Frank textbook recommended by ICSE schools. Access Chapter 7 - Metallurgy here. Our Frank Textbook Solutions for ICSE Class 10  Chemistry are designed by our subject matter experts. These solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, so you can clear your fundamentals before the examination.

Text Book Solutions

ICSE X - Chemistry

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