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NCERT Solution for Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 9 Civics exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions.

All our solutions for Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 9 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions Page/Excercise 93

Question 1

If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decisions can you take on your own?

  1. Select the person you like as Prime Minister.
  2. Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.
  3. Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.
  4. Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.

Solution 1

c. Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.

Question 2

Who among the following is a part of the political executive?

  1. District Collector
  2. Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs
  3. Home Minister
  4. Director General of Police

Solution 2

c. Home Minister

Question 3

Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?

  1. Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court.
  2. Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution.
  3. Judiciary is independent of the Executive.
  4. Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated.

Solution 3

a. Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court.

NCERT Solution for Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions Page/Excercise 94

Question 4

Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?

  1. The Supreme Court
  2. The President
  3. The Prime Minister
  4. The Parliament

Solution 4

d. The Parliament

Question 5

Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:

A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.

 Ministry of Defence

Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas.

 Ministry of Health

The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down.

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution

A pulse polio campaign will be launched.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.

Ministry of Communications and Information Technology

 

Solution 5

A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas.

Ministry of Communications and Information Technology 

The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down.

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution 

A pulse polio campaign will be launched.

Ministry of Health 

The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.

Ministry of Defence

Question 6

Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters:

  1. Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads and irrigation and different welfare activities for the citizens.
  2. Considers the recommendation of a Committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange.
  3. Decides on a legal dispute between two state governments.
  4. Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake.

Solution 6

  1. Lok Sabha
  2. The Parliament
  3. The Supreme Court
  4. The Executive

Question 7

Why is the Prime Minister of India not directly elected by the people?

Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.

  1. In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.
  2. Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.
  3. Since the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it.
  4. Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election.

Solution 7

The most appropriate answer is (a). This is because in India, only the leader of the majority party/parties in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister. Moreover, if the directly elected Prime Minister who does not have the support of majority is appointed as the Prime Minister, there are chances that policies or laws suggested by him would not be passed in the Lok Sabha. This would lead to government being run ineffectively.

Question 8

Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?

Solution 8

Such films are only for entertainment purposes as real life is strikingly different. Governance in a democracy means taking everyone along with you. In addition, in a vast and diverse country like India, it is very difficult to consider only an individual's decision. Moreover, decision implementation needs to be coordinated among various organs of the government.

NCERT Solution for Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions Page/Excercise 95

Question 9

A teacher was preparing for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?

Solution 9

I would choose to have a majority in the mock Lok Sabha. This is because of the following reasons:

  1. The leader of the Lok Sabha is directly answerable to the public, as they are directly elected by them.
  2. Any ordinary law needs to be passed by both the houses. However, in an undecided situation, the decision of Lok Sabha always prevails due to more members.
  3. Lok Sabha exercises more power in cases related to money bills as they originate here.
  4. The Council of Ministers are controlled by the Lok Sabha.
  5. Lok Sabha has more powers compared to the Rajya Sabha.

Question 10

After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary? 

  1. Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent. 
  2. Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court directed the government to modify it. 
  3. Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist, but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.

Solution 10

The correct option is (b).

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE IX - Civics

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