NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 3 - The Delhi Sultans
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NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 3 - The Delhi Sultans Page/Excercise 43
Which ruler first established his or her capital at Delhi?
Ananga Pala from the Tomara dynasty of Rajputs first established his capital at Delhi.
What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans?
Persian was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans.
During whose reign did the Delhi Sultanate reach its farthest extent?
The Delhi Sultanate reached its farthest extent during the rule of Muhammad Tughluq of the Tughluq dynasty.
From which country did Ibn Battuta travel to India?
Ibn Batuta traveled to India from Morocco, a country in North Africa.
NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 3 - The Delhi Sultans Page/Excercise 44
According to the circle of justice, why was it important for military commanders to keep the interests of the peasantry in mind?
According to the circle of justice, it was imperative for military commanders to safeguard and look after the interests of the peasantry. This was because a monarch was dependent on his soldiers for survival, the soldiers were dependent for their survival on their salaries, and the salaries were paid from the land revenue collected from the peasants. The peasants could pay the revenue only when they were prosperous and happy. Therefore, it was important for the military commanders to keep the interests of the peasantry in mind.
What is meant by the internal and external frontiers of the Sultanate?
The ‘internal frontiers’ of the Sultanate were, in fact, the garrison towns situated in the hinterlands. On the flip side, the external frontiers implied the hitherto unconquered territories, especially in the southern reaches of the Indian peninsula.
What were the steps taken to ensure that the muqtis performed their duties? Why do you think they may have wanted to defy the orders of the Sultans?
In order to ensure that the muqtis performed their duties efficiently, their office was made non-inheritable. Also, they were allotted iqtas for short periods of time and were transferred often. The muqtis were a crucial cog in the administrative apparatus of the Sultanate and hence the eventuality of a rebellion by them was taken very seriously.
What was the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate?
Following the invasions of the Mongols, the Sultans of Delhi were compelled to undertake several expensive protective measures. They had to mobilise a large standing army which in itself was a cumbersome task. Further, garrison towns had to be built to house troops and taxes had to be collected on a large scale to sustain them. The soldiers also had to be paid cash, an added strain on the treasury. The combined effect of all this was the weakening of the Delhi Sultanate.
Do you think the authors of tawarikh would provide information about the lives of ordinary men and women?
The authors of the tawarikh lived in the cities like Delhi. They hardly ever traversed to the remote villages and towns of rural heartland. They wrote the histories of the Sultans in the expectation of getting rewards. Therefore, they would not write anything about the lives of ordinary men and women of the Sultanate.
Raziyya Sultan was unique in the history of the Delhi Sultanate. Do you think women leaders are accepted more readily today?
Prepare your statement on the basis of your own opinion and then discuss it with your teacher, friends, parents.
Why were the Delhi Sultans interested in cutting down forests? Does deforestation occur for the same reasons today?
The Delhi Sultans were inclined to cut down forests on a large scale because they wished to hand over the cleared land to peasants for the purpose of cultivation. This is still one of the important reasons why deforestation takes place in India today.
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