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NCERT Solution for Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 - Water

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 7 Geography exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 5 - Water.

All our solutions for Chapter 5 - Water are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 7 Geography will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 - Water Page/Excercise 37

Question 1

Answer the following questions.

(i) What is precipitation?

(ii) What is water cycle?

(iii) What are the factors affecting the height of the waves?

(iv) Which factors affect the movement of ocean water?

(v) What are tides and how are they caused?

(vi) What are ocean currents?

Solution 1


(i) The heat emitted by the Sun causes water to vapourise. When the vapour rises in the air, it begins to cool and transforms into droplets of water. Masses of such droplets transform into clouds and float in the air. When the clouds become too heavy to float, they fall upon land or sea in the form of rain, snow or sleet. This whole phenomenon is known as ‘precipitation’.




(ii) The water on the Earth’s surface is evaporated by the heat emitted by the Sun. The vapour rises up with the air, condenses and transforms into clouds. When the clouds become too heavy to float in the air, they fall right back on land as either rain or snow or sleet. This process of evaporation, condensation and precipitation continues in a cycle which means that the water on Earth changes form continuously between oceans, atmosphere and land. This is called the ‘water cycle’.




(iii) Primarily, waves are formed due to the winds travelling across the ocean surface. High speed winds form bigger waves. Also, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and underwater landslides affect the height of waves.




(iv) The factors that affect the movement of ocean water in terms of waves, tides and currents are as follows:


  - Waves are created because of winds, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and underwater landslides.


  - Tides are caused by the strong gravitational pull that is exerted on Earth by the Moon and the Sun.


  - The temperature differences in ocean water situated at different latitudes results in the creation of water currents.




(v) Tides refer to the rhythmic rise and fall of ocean water levels that occur twice in a single day. A high tide is when ocean water rises to its highest levels and covers much of the shore. A low tide is when the water recedes from the shore and falls to its lowest level. Tides are the result of the huge gravitational pressure exerted on Earth’s surface by the Sun and the Moon.


(vi) Ocean currents refer to the streams of water that flow continuously on the surface of oceans.  They are formed as a result of temperature differences in ocean water situated at different latitudes.


Question 2

Give reasons.

(i) Ocean water is salty.

(ii) The quality of water is deteriorating.

Solution 2

(i) The oceans are constituted of water that is saline, i.e., it has a very high quantity of dissolved salt. Therefore, ocean water is salty.

(ii) Throughout human history, and especially since the onset of the Industrial Revolution,  water has been polluted in some or the other form by humans. The large scale deforestation, pollution of rivers, lakes and reservoirs due to industrial activity and agricultural production, pollution of groundwater, wastage and lack of treatment facilities in some countries have started a process of degradation of water as a resource. As a result, the quality of water on Earth is gradually deteriorating.

NCERT Solution for Class 7 Geography Chapter 5 - Water Page/Excercise 38

Question 3

Tick the correct answer.


(i) The process by which water continually changes its form and circulates between oceans, atmosphere and land.

(a)    Water cycle

(b)   Tides

(c)    Ocean currents


(ii) Generally, the warm ocean currents originate near

(a)    Poles

(b)   Equator

(c)    None of these


(iii) The rhythmic rise and fall of ocean water twice in a day is called

(a)    Tide

(b)   Ocean current

(c)    Wave

Solution 3

(i) – (a) Water cycle

(ii) – (b) Equator

(iii) – (a)

Question 4

Match the following.


(i) Caspian sea                                   (a) Largest lake

(ii) Tide                                             (b) Periodic rise and fall of water

(iii) Tsunami                                       (c) Strong seismic waves

(iv) Ocean currents                             (d) Streams of water moving along definite paths

Solution 4

(i) – (a) Largest lake

(ii) – (b) Periodic rise and fall of water

(iii) - (c) Strong seismic waves

(iv) - (d) Streams of water moving along definite paths

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 5 - Water here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Geography. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE VII - Geography

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