NCERT Solution for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 - Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes
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NCERT Solution for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 - Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Page/Excercise 16
Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What is the true shape of the Earth?
(b) What is a globe?
(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
(e) What are the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
(f) Why does the Torrid Zone receive maximum amount of heat?
(g) Why is it 5.30 P.M. in India and 12.00 noon in London?
(a) The shape of the earth is like a sphere; however, it is not a perfect sphere. It is slightly flattened at the North and the South Poles and has a bulge in the centre.
(b) Globe is a small spherical model which serves as a miniature form of the earth.
(c) The Tropic of Cancer lies at 23½º North of the equator.
(d) The three heat zones of the Earth are:
(i) Torrid Zone
(ii) Temperate Zone
(iii) Frigid Zone
(e) Parallels of Latitude – These are all the imaginary parallel circles from the equator to the poles.
Meridian of Longitude – These are imaginary set of semi-circle lines that run from North Pole to South Pole.
(f) Torrid Zone receives the maximum amount of heat because:
(i) This zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
(ii) The mid-day sun exactly falls overhead in this area.
(iii) Sun rays falling exactly overhead gives out more heat than slanting sun rays.
(g) It is 5.30 p.m. in India while 12.00 noon in London because:
- London is situated at 0º longitude whereas time of 82½º E longitude is used as standard time in India.
- Between the longitude of London and the Standard Meridian of India (82½º E), there is a difference of 82½º.
- The time in India is ahead of London since time is measured 4 minutes ahead at every longitude heading east.
NCERT Solution for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 - Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Page/Excercise 17
Fill in the blanks.
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at __________.
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is _________.
(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as __________.
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards _________.
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the _________ hemisphere.
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23 ½o south of the Equator.
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is 82½o E.
(c) The 0o Meridian is also known as the Prime Meridian.
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the poles.
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the Northern hemisphere.
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