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NCERT Solution for Class 6 Civics Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 6 Civics exam. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods.

All our solutions for Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 6 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 6 Civics Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods Page/Excercise 84

Question 1

Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to Labour Chowk.

Most workers that we find at Labour Chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the Chowk or they pay Rs 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping and pass on the extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.

 Source: Aman Sethi, Hindu On-line

Solution 1

The given paragraph gives us an idea about the living conditions of labourers.

  • The labourers found at Labour Chowk have no living place as they have a very low income, which does not allow them to afford accommodation.
  • Sleeping on the pavement is the only option they have to accommodation.
  • Also, most workers would be daily wage earners, and they cannot always afford spending Rs 6 per night for sleeping in the night shelter run by the government. 
  • The workers keep their tools etc. at the tea stalls or cigarette shops, and they have to pay money to the shopkeeper, which results in an added expense.
  • Borrowing money from local cigarette and tea shops may not be a good option as these can charge an exorbitant amount of interest for very small sums of money.

Therefore, it is vital that the government takes significant measures to provide these people with proper accommodation and living conditions.

NCERT Solution for Class 6 Civics Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods Page/Excercise 85

Question 2

Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

Name

Place of Work

Earnings

Security of Work

Benefits Received

Work on their own or employed

Bachchu Manjhi

 

Rs 100 per day

 

 

 

Harpreet, Vandana

 

 

 

 

Work on their own

Nirmala

 

 

No security

 

 

Sudha

Company

Rs 30,000 pm

 

 

 

Solution 2

 

 

 

Name

Place of Work

Earnings

Security of Work

Benefits Received

Work on their own or employed

Bachchu Manjhi

 Bus Stop

Rs 100 per day

No security

None

 Works on his own

Harpreet, Vandana

 Readymade garments/showroom

 2-3 lakhs p.m

Have lisence to do business

Profits

Work on their own

Nirmala

Garment factory

 Rs 80 a day +

Rs 40 extra for working late

No security

None

Employed

Sudha

Company

Rs 30,000 pm

 Job security

Savings for old age,

Paid Holidays,

Medical facilities

 Employed

Question 3

In what ways are permanent and regular jobs different from a casual job? Discuss. 

Solution 3

The differences between a permanent job and a casual job are as follows:

 

Sr. No.

Permanent Job

Casual Job

1

Fixed working hours

Working hours are not fixed

2

Better and regular salary

Bad and irregular salary

3

Extra benefits

No benefits

4

Job security

No security

5

Savings possible

Savings very rarely possible

6

Comfort level - High

Comfort level - Low

 

Question 4

What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary? 

Solution 4

Along with her salary, Sudha gets the following benefits:

  • Savings for old age: A part of her salary is kept in a fund as savings with the government from which she earns interest. When she retires from the job, she will get this money and she can then live on that.
  • Holidays: She gets an off on Sundays and national holidays. She also gets some days as annual leave.
  • Medical facilities for her family: Her company pays the medical expenses up to a certain amount for her and her family members. She gets medical leave if she falls ill, and her salary is not deducted if she takes this leave.

Question 5

Fill in the following table to show the services provided by people in the markets which you visit frequently.

  

Solution 5

Go to the different places in the market along with an elder person so that they can help you to fill the table. Go to shops that you regularly visit. Ask the head of the shop the name of their shop and also the nature of the service that the shop provides. With the information you collect, fill in the columns of the table.

The following example answer is provided for reference.

 

Name of the shop or office

Nature of the service provided

Asha Cables

Provides cable lines

Hari Om Farsan and Sweet Mart

Sells sweets

Prakash Dresses

Sells clothes and readymade garments

Swan Dry Cleaners

Dry cleaning

Mohan Cobbler

Mending footwear

Toofan Repair Shop

Repairing work

Rima Stores

Sells grocery

Henry Footwear

Sells footwear

Pro Opticals

Making and repairing of spectacles

 

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 9 - Urban Livelihoods here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

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