NCERT Solution for Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 - Panchayati Raj
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NCERT Solution for Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 - Panchayati Raj Page/Excercise 48
What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem?
The villagers in Hardas village faced the problem of acute water shortage. The hand pump water had gone well below the point to which the ground had been drilled. There was no water in the taps. Women had to travel 3 km to the Suru River to get water.
The villagers came out with various solutions to solve the problem. The solutions are
● Piping water from Suru River and making an overhead tank in the village to increase the supply.
● Deepening the hand pumps and cleaning the wells.
● Conserving and recharging water through a process called watershed development.
What, in your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
The importance of Gram Sabha is as follows:
- The Gram Sabha consists of several Gram Panchayats.
- It is a key factor in making the Gram Panchayat play its role and be responsible.
- It is a place where all the plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat is placed before the people.
- It prevents the Panchayats from doing the wrong things and misusing money or favouring people for certain things.
- It also plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who had them elected.
Yes, all adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat should attend the Gram Sabha meetings. This should be done for the welfare of the village.
What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
The link between the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat is as follows:
- The Gram Sabha is the place where all the plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people.
- The members of the Gram Sabha elect the members of the Gram Panchayat.
- The Gram Sabha works over various Gram Panchayats.
- The Gram Sabha approves the work done by the Gram Panchayat of implementing development programmes for all the villages that come under it.
Take an example of any one task done by a Panchayat in your area/nearby rural area and find out the following:
(a) Why it was taken up.
(b) Where the money came from.
(c) Whether or not the work has been completed.
Visit the nearest Panchayat and meet the Sarpanch. Ask him the necessary questions. Once the answers have been provided, you can check with some villagers whether the work was successfully completed.
What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
It is a collection of all adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat.
It is a collection of the elected representatives of a Gram Sabha.
Anyone who is 18 years or above and has the right to vote is a member of the Gram Sabha.
It is divided into wards. The ward members, i.e. Panchayat President and Panchs, are the members of the Gram Panchayat.
It is a permanent body.
It is elected for a term of 5 years.
Issues are raised in the Gram Sabha
Issues are solved and decisions are implemented by the Gram Panchayat.
Read the following news item.
Nimone is a village on the Chauphula-Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water shortage for the last few months, and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs. Bhagvan Mahadeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten with sticks, iron rods and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light when some villagers brought a badly injured Lad to hospital for treatment. In the FIR recorded by the police, Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker was not meant for lower castes.
Adapted from Indian Express, May 1, 2004.
(a) Why was Bhagvan beaten?
(b) Do you think that the above is a case of discrimination? Why?
a) Bhagvan was beaten because he insisted that the water from the tanker should be emptied in the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, the upper caste men did not agree to the suggestion given by Bhagvan as they believed that the tanker was not meant for the lower castes. As a result, Bhagvan was beaten with sticks, iron rods and axes.
b) Yes, the above is a case of discrimination because the upper caste people did not agree to the suggestion given by a lower caste person, Bhagvan, even though the suggestion was appropriate.
Find out more about watershed development and how it benefits an area.
Watershed development is a process which helps in conserving and recharging the ground water resource. Large amounts of water accumulate in a watershed. Fertile soil also collects along with the water at this point.
Benefits of a watershed:
● As the land is fertile, trees grow at that place.
● Helps in checking soil erosion and water logging.
● Barren lands turn into meadows.
● Unfertile land turns into fertile land.
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