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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 - Agriculture

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Geography board exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 4 - Agriculture.

All our solutions for Chapter 4 - Agriculture are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Geography will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 - Agriculture Page/Excercise 48

Question 1

Multiple choice questions
(i) Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area?
(a) Shifting Agriculture

(b) Plantation Agriculture

(c) Horticulture

(d) Intensive Agriculture

(ii) Which one of the following is a rabi crop?
(a) Rice

(b) Gram

(c) Millets

(d) Cotton

(iii) Which one of the following is a leguminous crop?
(a) Pulses

(b) Jawar

(c) Millets

(d) Sesamum

(iv) Which one of the following is announced by the government in support of a crop?
(a) Maximum support price

(b) Minimum support price

(c) Moderate support price

(d) Influential support price

Solution 1

(i) (b) Plantation Agriculture

(ii) (b) Gram

(iii) (a) Pulses

(iv) (b) Minimum support price

Question 2

Answer the following questions in 30 words.
(i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.

(ii) Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced.

(iii) Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers.

(iv) The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day. Can you imagine its consequences?

Solution 2

(i) Tea is an important beverage crop. Tea plants need tropical or sub tropical climates, deep and fertile well-drained soil rich in humus and organic matter. Tea bushes need warm, moist ,frost free climate. Frequent showers distributed throughout the year is also essential.

(ii) Rice is the staple food crop of India. It is mainly grows in the plains of north and north-east India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions.

(iii) The various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government for the benefit of farmers are :- Minimum Support Price policy, subsidy on agricultural inputs, provision for crop insurance and resources such as power and fertilisers, remunerative and procurement prices for important crops to check exploitation of farmers, establishment of  Grameen banks, cooperative societies and banks to provide low interest loans, Kissan Credit Card and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme.

(iv) A declining area of land under cultivation may result in shortage of food grains. The problem may become acute in case of rising population of the country. This would result in import of food grains which will put additional pressure on the economy of the country.

Question 3

Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production.

(ii) Describe the impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture.

(iii) Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.

Solution 3

 (i) To ensure increase in agricultural production, the government passed Five years Plans whereby importance was given to land reforms. Green Revolution and White Revolution were started to improve agriculture. However, it benefited only few farmers. In order to provide cheap loans to the farmers many ‘Grameen banks’ or cooperative credit societies have been established in various villages. The government abolished the zamindari system and has focused on collectivisation and consolidation of land holdings in order to prevent fragmentation of land.

 (ii) Globalisation in its crude form had affected the Indian agriculture during the colonial times. Indian spices and cotton was exported to Europe. British textile industries flourished due to the availability of fine quality of cotton from India.

During the 1990s, globalisation impacted the Indian agriculture. Indian farmers were not able to compete with the developed countries due to highly subsidised agriculture in these countries. Many small farmers need the support of the government to face growing competition from the developed nations of the world.

(iii) Rice is a staple crop of the majority of the people of India. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature above 250C and high humidity. It requires rainfall above 100cm. In regions of less rainfall, rice grows with the help of irrigation.

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 4 - Agriculture here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Geography. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

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