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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Civics board exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste.

All our solutions for Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste Page/Excercise 55

Question 1

Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.

Solution 1

Different aspects of life in which women are discriminated in India are as listed below:

  • In society, the general perception is that all household works like cleaning, washing and dusting are done by women and men work outside the home. Therefore, while boys play outside the house during their leisurely time, girls are expected to help their mothers in completing household work.
  • Household work done by women in their house does not have any economic value as they are not paid for the work done.
  • For equal work done by both men and women outside their homes, women are usually paid less than men.
  • Though women constitute half of the population, their contribution in political arena is considerably less.

 

Question 2

State different forms of communal politics with one example each.

Solution 2

Different forms of communal politics are as listed below:

  1. Formation of Political Parties on Religious lines: When a political party identifies itself with the interests of one religious group, the politics is played on communal lines. For example, in British India, the Muslim League represented the Muslims and demanded a separated country for them. Eventually, Pakistan was created out of British India.
  2. The desire to claim special status or form separate state: The population in majority in a particular state of a country demands special and independent recognition, e.g. Jammu and Kashmir.
  3. Communalism in elections: Quite often, political parties field their candidates according to the caste or religion of the majority of people in a constituency. Most of the time, voting also takes place along communal lines. For example, a constituency where majority of people are Hindus, a Hindu candidate is generally voted in majority. Similarly, Muslim candidates are voted in majority in a Muslim dominated area.
  4. Communalism takes an ugly form in the form of riots. The anti-Sikh riots in 1984 and Gujarat riots in 2002 are some examples.

Question 3

State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India?

Solution 3

Though our Constitution has established the principle of equality among the people and untouchability has been abolished from the country, caste inequalities still exist in India. Many people are still considered as untouchables in the country. Marriages usually take place within the caste norms.

In the elections, candidates are fielded in the constituencies according to the caste of the majority. People also vote on caste lines.

We also find that most of the 'rich section' belongs to higher castes, while people of lower castes are generally poor.

Question 4

State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India.

Solution 4

 Caste alone cannot determine election results in India because of the following reasons:

  1. India has many constituencies where elections are contested. No constituency in India is habited by people of one caste only. Therefore, candidates need to win the confidence of people belonging to more than one caste.
  2. Not all parties get votes of all people belonging to one particular caste. Voters now vote for a candidate who is expected to initiate several development programmes in their constituency.

Question 5

What is the status of women's representation in India's legislative bodies?

Solution 5

The representation of women in India’s legislature is very low. The representation of women in Lok Sabha was only 10% in 2009. In Legislative assemblies, the share of women’s representation is even less. Their representation in the state assemblies is less than 5%. This is the reason that India is behind several developing countries of the world in the case of women’s representation.   
However, it is heartening to note that at the local level government in panchayat and municipal bodies, one-third of the seats are reserved for women.

Question 6

Mention any two provisions that make India a secular state.

Solution 6

Two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state are as listed below:

  • India is a secular state. It means that the state neither promotes nor discourages the practise of any religion.
  • Our Constitution has made discriminations based on religion as an offence punishable by law.

Question 7

When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to the following statements:

(a) Biological difference between men and women

(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women

(c) Unequal child sex ratio

(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies

Solution 7

(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women

Question 8

In India, seats for women are reserved in which of the options listed below?

(a) Lok Sabha

(b) State Legislative Assemblies

(c) Cabinets

(d) Panchayati Raj bodies

Solution 8

(d) Panchayati Raj bodies

Question 9

Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that

Α. One religion is superior to that of others.

Β. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.

C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.

D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) A, B, C and D

(b) A, B and D

(c) A and C

(d) B and D

Solution 9

(c) A and C

Question 10

Which among the following statements about India's Constitution is wrong? It

(a) Prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion

(b) Gives official status to one religion

(c) Provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion

(d) Ensures equality of citizens within religious communities

Solution 10

(b) Gives official status to one religion

Question 11

Social divisions based on_____________ are peculiar to India.

Solution 11

Caste

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste Page/Excercise 56

Question 12

Match List I and List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

 

List I

List II

1

 

 

A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

  1. Communalist

2

A person who says that religion is the principal basis of a community.

  1. Feminist

3

A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of a community.

  1. Secularists

4

A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of religious beliefs.

  1. Castiest

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

(a)

 

 

B

 

 

C

 

 

A

 

 

D

 

 

(b)

 

 

B

 

 

A

 

 

D

 

 

C

 

 

(c)

 

 

D

 

 

C

 

 

A

 

 

B

 

 

(d)

 

C

 

 

A

 

 

B

 

 

D

 

 

Solution 12

(b) BADC

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE X - Civics

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