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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 3 - Democracy and Diversity

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NCERT Textbook Solutions are considered extremely helpful when preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Civics board exams. TopperLearning study resources infuse profound knowledge, and our Textbook Solutions compiled by our subject experts are no different. Here you will find all the answers to the NCERT textbook questions of Chapter 3 - Democracy and Diversity.

All our solutions for Chapter 3 - Democracy and Diversity are prepared considering the latest CBSE syllabus, and they are amended from time to time. Our free NCERT Textbook Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Civics will strengthen your fundamentals in this chapter and can help you to score more marks in the examination. Refer to our Textbook Solutions any time, while doing your homework or while preparing for the exam.

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NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 3 - Democracy and Diversity Page/Excercise 37

Question 1

Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.

Solution 1

The three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions are listed below:

The way people perceive their identities: Social divisions may take place if people demand a special recognition to their identities. However, if people perceive their identities as a part of a nation as a whole, then people belonging to different religions, traditions and customs can live peacefully in a country. For example, if we perceive ourselves first as Indians, rather than belonging to a religion or caste, then social divisions may not exist.  

Leadership provided by the political leaders: The role played by political leaders and leadership provided by them play a significant part in creating or filling the social divisions. For example, in Sri Lanka, the special status given to the Sinhalese community is at the expense of the Tamil community which created the rift between the two communities.  

The reaction of the government to the demands of various groups: The chances of social division are minimised if the government gives equal representation to all the major and minor groups in the society and powers are shared among them. However, if the government unequally share the powers among various groups, then the national unity and integrity of the country gets threatened.

Question 2

When does a social difference become a social division?

Solution 2

When social differences of the two communities overlap, social divisions are created. It is when social differences overlap and become acute, people start believing that they belong to different communities. For example, in India, the people belonging to lower castes or the 'dalits' are not only poor and landless but they also face discrimination, inequalities and injustice in the society. This results in social division.

Question 3

How do social divisions affect politics? Give two examples.

Solution 3

It is generally assumed that social divisions along with politics can threaten the unity of a nation. This can be true in some cases. In democracy, many political parties contest for power. Thus, they may exploit social divisions that exist in the society for gaining their own aims. This may lead to violent protests or even disintegration of a nation. For example, in Sri Lanka, Acts were passed by the government which gave preferential treatment to the Sinhala community over the Tamilian population. There were a series of protests staged by the Tamils in Sri Lanka. Finally, this conflict resulted in causing a Civil War in Sri Lanka, in which millions of people lost their lives.

However, the combination of social division and politics does not always lead to fractions in the society. Political leaders after being elected to power may formulate beneficial policies for the disadvantaged section of the society. At times, many parties in a democracy represent only certain section of people but this always does not lead to causing a fraction in the country.

Question 4

________________ social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. ________________ social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

Solution 4

Overlapping, crosscutting

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Civics Chapter 3 - Democracy and Diversity Page/Excercise 38

Question 5

In dealing with social divisions, which one of the following statements is not correct about democracy?

(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions are reflected in politics.

(b) In a democracy, it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peaceful manner.

(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.

(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.

Solution 5

(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.

Question 6

Consider the following three statements:

Α. Social divisions take place when social differences overlap.

Β. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities

C. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(a) A, B and C

(b) A and B

(c) B and C

(d) Only C

Solution 6

(b)  A and B 

Question 7

Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select the right answers by using the code given below.

Α. All political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.

B. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.

C. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.

D. Some social differences may result in social divisions.


(a) D, B, C, A

(b) D, B, A, C

(c) D, A, C, B

 (d) A, B, C, D

Solution 7

(a) D, B, C, A 

Question 8

Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to political fights on the basis of religious and ethnic identities?

(a) Belgium

(b) India

(c) Yugoslavia

(d) Netherlands

Solution 8

(c) Yugoslavia

Question 9

Read the following passage from a famous speech by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?

"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. Let freedom ring - when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children - black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics - will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: 'Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!' I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'we hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal'."

Solution 9

Martin Luther Jr. was an American activist and a leader of the Civil Rights Movement in America. He is referring to the policy of racism that existed in America. The blacks in America were discriminated by the whites. The children of the black population could not take admissions in prestigious schools. Coloured population were given unequal treatment and on several occasions and even the judiciary of the country gave biased decisions.

Martin Luther is anxious about the future of coloured people and their children in America. He aspired to ensure the country became free of any racial discrimination and religious discrimination. He want that the principle of equality to be established in society where people are not judged on the basis of the colour of their skin.

Yes, we see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics. In both incidents, African-Americans were discriminated against.  

TopperLearning provides step-by-step solutions for each question in each chapter in the NCERT textbook. Access Chapter 3 - Democracy and Diversity here for free.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics are by our subject matter experts. These NCERT Textbook Solutions will help you to revise the whole chapter, and you can increase your knowledge of Civics. If you would like to know more, please get in touch with our counsellor today!

Text Book Solutions

CBSE X - Civics

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